What problems did Tsar Alexander II face?


Russia in 1855: what problems did the Tsar face?


  • Crimean war - showed the need for urgent reform. 
  • Undeveloped in comparison to other countries. 
  • Serfs formed the mass of the military - lack of skill and motivation.
  • Outdated techniques. 


  • Transport block led to a lack of communication.
  • Tsar was very reliant on the land owners for control and communication.


  • Serfdom prevented the growth of Russian industrialisation.
  • Transport blocked for the majority of the year - weather.


  • 80% of the population were serfs 
  • Hierarchacel structure 
  • Multitude of lamguages and religions - difficult to appease and communicate to everyone. 
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