- Created by: nicoleg5678
- Created on: 27-12-18 17:14
Northern Italy was increasingly industralised and prosperous while Suthern Italy remained largely argricultural and experienced poverty which increased divide.
Illiteracy was higher in teh South (80% of the population was illliterate)
The adaptation of more modern argriculturial techniques increased the number of landless argricultural labourers. Northern Italy caused society to become less stable and increased political division within the region
In central and Southern Italy they were open to more argricultural problems and disasters than the north
Deforistation - Farmland was vunerable to erosion and poor quality crops would not grow
Earthquakes, eruptions and tidal vawes. there were financial support but they were slow and led to the Southern to despise Liberal goverement. It damaged ecomony and lives
Disease blightened the population and brought was a regular feature.
Rates of migration and emigration were high damaging ecomony
Italy's industrial economy was always far behind of European rivals
Industralisation was uneven and localised
Machinery had to e imported
lack of key resources - Steel and Iron
Communications transport and energy sources were underdeveloped in most areas
Labour force was large but also unskilled
The Catholic church was hostile to the new talian state
In 1870 the land of the Vatican were reduced to a small area within Rome pope Puis IX shut himslef away in the Vatican in protest against the reduction in papal power and forbade Catholics to enter elections.
Most catholics withdrew from Political protests
None of the Popes acknowledged the existance of the kingdom of Italy until1929
Liberals were skilled at creating coalitions and operating within the system of Transformismo
As political Parties were so weak goverements were framed into fractions that had come togrther to for a coalition goverement. Led to significant degree of instability in Italian political life.
Coalitions could easily fall apart and this led to a sucession of short-term goverements
Between 1870-1915 more then twenty different goverements in power
Wanted to gain overseas colonies to boost its International status and money. They suffered humiliating defets in Tunisia and Adowa in 1890.
Itaky's atempt at colonisation were distargerous. Italy's defeat to Abyssinian forces at the battle of Adowa was a humiliation that trmporaly halted Italy's colonial abitions. Itay had to accept Abyssinian inderpendance. Italy had to pay 1 milllion lire in war reperations.
In 1882 Italy joined a triple alliance with Germany and Austra-Hungary.
Italy intrests challanged over the years and it more closely wih Britian and France
Triple alliance partners saw it as an untrustworthy minor partner
Italy's entry in WW1 had a dramatic impact on these issues and politcal divisions deepened