- Right wing revolt
- Dr Wolfgang Kapp
- Rosa Luxemburg
- Karl Liebnecht
- Left wing
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- Occured in 1920
- Led by Dr Wolfgang Kapp
- 500 supporters marched on Berlin to overthrow the Weimar Republic and bring back the Kaiser.
- For a while, the rebels successfully managed to control the city.
- The government fled to dresden and urged people not to co-operate and to go on strike.
- Most people obliged, because they had no desire to see the Kaiser return, due to their socialist learnings.
- Kapp realised that he could not govern and so fled.
- He was caught, imprisoned and then died.
- The essential services (gas, electricity, water and transport) stopped.
- Berlin ground to a halt.
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- 6 Jan 1919, inspired by Sparticists, 100,000 communists demonstrated in Berlin, taking over key buildings (e.g.: newspaper offices).
- Chancellor Ebert and his defence minister Gustav Noske, needed to put down the rebels.
- Led by Karl Liebnecht and Rosa Luxemburg.
- The regular army-the Reschwehr, was in no shape to put down the revolt, so the chancellor turned to the Freikorps-the demobilised soldiers from WWI refusing to give back their arms (the anti-communists worked with the proper army). They were huge, numbering 250,000 in March 1919.
- With the help of the Freikorps, Weimar put down the uprisings in early 1919.
- Several thousand communist supporters were arrested or killed, mostly in Berlin.
- Rosa & Karl arrsted 15th January and killed by Freikorps-Karl shot, Rosa shot in the head and then thrown into a canal.
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