Weimar Germany 1-8

How was the weimar republic formed?

-On November 9th Max van Buden handed over his offic to Fredreich Ebert

-On November 10th Ebert made an agreement with the Army to keep the communist out of power

-Ebert formed the council of the people's representatives

-This council would head the country

-This helped to take control over the Germans

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How strong was the new Republic?

-Despite all of Ebert's work, some political groups were still unhappy iwth the new government

-After the council of the people representatives was set up, this was soon decided to be temporary

-Ebert promised electons

-The NA met for the first time on Feb 1919

-They had to meet in Weimar because of all of the conflict in Belin

-This is how it got it name

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Why was the WR so unpopular in the early years?

-The first action of the new government was to surrender in WWI and sign an armistice

-They had no choice as they was running out of money

-The WR had no choice but to sign the ToV but this made the Germans angry.

-Germans called the Treaty a "DikTak" meaning it was forced on them

-Some disliked the WR as they believed that Germany never lost the war

-This was called the "Stab in the back theory"

-They was known as the "November Criminals"

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What challenges did the WR face from the left and

-Left wing – people who want to change things, often extremists; Communists (KPD)
-Right wing – people who want to keep things the way they are or become more extreme, the Nazis (NSDAP)

-Both sides were against the Weimar Republic.

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Why was 1923 such a challenging year do the WR?

Germany's government was bankrupt. All of it gold has been spent on the war. The Treaty of Versailles means that some of the richest areas has been taken away from Germany. Germany owed the French £6.6 billion, but they failed to pay. In anger the French invaded and they demanded the German workers to begin a policy of passive resistance, but the government demanded them to strike. Again in anger the french arrested the German workers. This caused prices to rise, inflation. This meant that less German people were paying taxes which caused the government to become more poor.

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Rentenmark

-November 1923

-Stresemann

-This issued a new currency called the Rentenmark.

-The currency was tied to gold

-The value of money was fixed

-This was only temporary

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Dawes plan

-April 1924

-Stresemann, Charles Dawes

-Respraration were temporary reduced to £50 million per year

-US bank agreed to give loans of $25 billion between 1924 and 1930

-They had to pay back the loan and extreme political parties were furious

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Young plan

-August 1929

-Stresemann, Owen Young

-The total respiration was reduces from £6.6 billion to £2 billion and they had 59 years to pay

-They had an annual payment of £50 million

-Temporary

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Locanopact

-1st December 1925

-Stresemann, Germany, Britain, France, Italy and Belguim

-Germany accepted it new border with France which made France promise peace

-Rhine land was pemently demitanised

-Germany had to accept border

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The league of nation

-September 1926

-Germany allies and Stresemann

-International bodies accepted Germany

-This boosted the WR

-This took a while to be accepted

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Kellogg-Briand

-August 1928

-61 countries

-They were promised that war wasn't used to solve problems

-Germany was a main problem

-This meant that they would be out of power for a while

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