Water on the Land - Case studies

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  • Created by: Luvit42
  • Created on: 12-10-14 13:49

Sumerset Levels 2014


- Very flat land most below 5 metres above sea level

- December 2013 was one of the stormiest decembers on record

- Met office reports show that Southern England experienced their highest January rainfall since records began

- The levels and and moors are now atificially drained by a network of rhynes (small streams/ ditches) which are pumped up into "drains"

  • Some of the old pumping stations broke down and did not pump water off the levels

  • The embankments were not big enough to hold the volume water needed

  • The rivers were not dredged properly by the Environment Agency so did not hold enough water

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Sumerset Levels 2014


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Sumerset Levels 2014


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Bangladesh floods 2004


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Bangladesh floods 2004


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Bangladesh floods 2004


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Kielder Water- Reservoir and Water transfer CS

Why it was built where it was built

- It was on a site that was big enough and had steep side to hold the water

- High rainfall - aprox. 1370mm per year

- Not many people lived there meaning little relocation

- The land was poor, low fertility

- Low levels of biodiversity

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Kielder Water- Reservoir and Water transfer CS


- 1/4 million visitors per year

- The HEP plant produces 6MW enough for 4000 homes a year

- The amount of energy produced by the HEP plant saves 8,600 tonnes of CO² per year

- Jobs were made available during the construction phase and through the maintenace of the damn wall

- A visitor centre and local shop benefit from tourism

- An eco-village nearby is powered by waste chips from the forestry process

- Mountain biking, downhill trails and horse riding paths have been provided 

- Habitats have been protected especially for the Ospreys and indigenous Red Squirrels

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