Intorduction to Vitamins
- Vitamins are made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
- Many vitamins cant be stored or made by the body, so they need to be taken in each day. if you eat a wide variety of foods you should get all the vitamins you need, and you shouldn't need to take vitamin tablets or supplements.
- prevent illness and maintain a good health
- aid building and repair
- control the release of energy needed by the body.
- Vitamin A and Vitamin D are fat soluble, Vitamins B and c are water insoluble.
Liver, egg yolk, margarine, dark leafy vegetables, red fruit and vegetables e.g. carrots, mangos.
Healthy eyes and bone function
Vision problems, dry skin, slow growth in children
Orange tint to skin
margarine, breakfast cereals, produced by the action of sunlight on skin
strong teeth and bones
Rickets, osteoporosis, poor development of the unbron child
can be poisonous.
Wholegrain cereals, yeast and meat
Releases energy from food
Not stored in the body
leafy greem vegetables, pulses bananas.
makes red blood cells
Neural tube defect e.g. Spina Bilfida in babies
Citrus fruits, balck currents, green vegetables.
Helps iron absorption
Scurvy, slow healing wounds
water soluble, so lost in urine.