- French controlled Indo-China(Vietnam)
- Japan (allied with Germany) took control of South-East Asia, including Indo-China
- French want Indo-China back
Viet Minh (under Ho Chi Minh) were a nationalist group who fought the Japanese. Ho Chi Minh was a communist.
By 1945, the Viet Minh controlled the North of the country but they wanted it all. They marched to Hanoi (Capitalist) and declared Independence.
1946 - War with France. Didn't let USA know that they wanted to be communist so USA were sympathetic - felt it was a war against colonialism.
1949 - Communists take over China and begin to help the Viet Minh.
USA get worried...
USA concerned that China wanted the whole of South-East Asia to become communist - this went against American Ideology.
USA financially supported France ($500 million).
An idealogy based around equality. In a truely communist society, everything is collectively owned, i.e. no-one has individual possessions. This is theoretically means that everything is shared equally amongst citizens.
An ideology based around trade and industry. In a truely capitalist society, everything has a value and everything is privately owned. This, theoretically, means that resources are traded amongst citizens, often via. some form of currency.