Which is more important- the ending of pain and su
- If pain is great.
- if pain is to be long term and there is no sight of pleasure
- the quality of pleasure may be poor, eg. 'lower', and so not worth pursuing.
- If one is already content, why increase contentment at the expense f suffering? this is morally wrong. for example, just because many people are well fed does not mean we should continue to leave the beggar to starve.
- suffering of the few may lead to happiness of the majority eg. a just war.
- if pain is minimal and the impact of pleasure far supersedes the pain. eg. allowing torture to save lives
- depends upon the long- term potential, which may be tp allow immediate suffering for greater pleasure later.
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arguments in support of and against the pursuit of
- higher pleasure are noble
- spiritual and intellectual happiness is important
- happiness is important for complete mental health
- life is to be enjoyed and not 'suffered'
- all nobles religious and non religious ideals seek some form of satisfaction.
- it happiness or pleasure a valid aim ?
- depends upon the nature of the happiness
- does it seem rather self indulgent?
- what about when pain can be good for you? example the pain associated with hard work or exercise?
- preference utilitarianism.
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How compatible is utilitarianism with religious ap
- Situation ethics is similar to act utilitarianism, with mill's refinement of happiness found in the principle of agape.
- the idea of sacrifising for others is common to many religious traditions
- the buddhist ideal is to avoid suffering and involves accumulating positive kamma/karma.
- the idea of conscience can be related to the calculations of the best outcome.
- Utilitarianism is agaisnt the idea of divinely ordained moral codes
- it is against the ideals of natural moral law as adopted by the roman catholic tradition.
- the idea of the means to an end when it involves people can challenge beliefs about the sanctity of life.
- 'means to an end' can be seen to be lacking in compassion.
- what about the religious teachings that concerns support of the weak?
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