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Henry Cabot Lodge

  • An American Republican Senator 
  • He was a long-time friend of Theodore Roosevelt
  • Lodge was a staunch supporter of the gold standard, opposing the Populists and the silverites
  • Strong beleiver in expanisionist foreing policy
  • Bitter conlict with Woodrow Wilson over League of Nations.
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Mark Hana

  • a Republican United States Senator
  • Represented Big Bussiness
  •  Promoted Mckinley in 1896 election
  • fundrasing broke records- raised over $100,000
  • laid foundations for republican dominance
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William Jennings Bryans

  • Dominant Political Personality for Democrat
  • 'Great commoner'
  • ran for election in the 1896
  • United States Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson (1913–1915),
  • anti-Dawinist in the Monkey trail in 1925
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T Washington

  • prominant reformers for AFrican American rights
  • acheived prominance with their campaigns for greater equality
  • established links with white politicians such as President Roosevelt
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W E B Du Bois

  • Campaigner for African American rights
  • 1906 founded the NAACP (National Association for the advancement of coloured people)
  • however discrimmination was not overcome
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Grover Cleveland (P)

  • Presedent in 1892
  • Traditional Democrat
  • anti-imperialist, pro-free trade and against big business
  • Lost lots of suport when he interfered using govenment agencies to break up the pullman railway strike in 1894
  • this caused him to lose the election in 1896 which started the republican dominance era.
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Mckinely (P)

  • President in 1896 election
  • Suport from big business and Mark Hana
  • Spanish American war 1898- which lead to Annexation of Cuba, Hawaii, Guam and phillippines
  • Filipino revolt againist american rule 1899- suppressed by American military intervention in 1902
  • Boxer Rebellion 1900- America ensured open door policy with china
  • Was relected due to Spanish American War Victory in 1900
  • Assinated in 1901
  • Theodore Roosevelt was his predecessor
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Theodore Roosevelt (P)

  • rough rider in spanish american war
  • president in 1901
  • took a more intervetionist approach to foreign policy
  • platt amendment 1901
  • alaska border dispute 1903
  • panama canal project 1903
  • Roosevelt corollary 1904
  • Russio-Japanese war 1905
  • Morocco crisis 1905
  • Speak softly and carry a big stick
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Taft (P)

  • very similar to Roosevelt
  • dollar diplomacy
  • 1909 Honduras
  • 1909 Haiti
  • 1912 Nicaragua
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Mahan

  • promoted sea power
  • friends with Roosevelt
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Emilio Aguinaldo

  • Leader of the campaign for Filipino independence from spain
  • convinced USA to back them up
  • became first filipino president
  • Phillippines never became fully indepent from USA after they interfered.
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Tammany Hall (Organisation)

  • Irish Americans wanted to strengthen their position in the labour unions and politics
  • helped immigrants get jobs and set up lives in the US
  • Democrats supported tammany hall and relied strongly on the returned support during the election.
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WCTU and ASL (organisation)

  • womens chrisina temperance movment
  • Anti saloon League
  • pro-prohibition
  • "the drys"
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Carrie Nation

  • crazy prohibition campaigner
  • went into bars and pubs and smashed bottles and things with an axe
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Andrew Carnigie

  • Robber Barran
  • steel company
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Rockerfeller

  • Robber Barran
  • Oil company
  • First US billianare
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Vanderbilt

  • Robber Barran
  • Transport pioneer
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J.P Morgan

  • Robber Barran
  • Banker and finacer
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Woodrow Wilson (P)

  • WW1 entry
  • Jones act 1916 (filipino indepence)
  • Good neighbour policy
  • Interfered in mexico in 1917 (failed)
  • 14 points (Idea of league of nations)
  • US congress refused to join it
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Jose Marti

  • In 1894, Martí and a handful of others attempted to start a revolution in Cuba,
  • although Martí did not last very long: he was killed in one of the first confrontations of the uprising, he is considered a national hereo.
  • After some initial gains by the rebels, the insurrection failed and Cuba would not be free from Spain until after the Spanish-American War of 1898.
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Harding (P)

  • President from 1921-1923
  • Returned to normaly
  • Held the washington naval conference
  • Put high tariffs
  • was very isolationist and non interventionist-let the economy grow without regualting it
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Coolidge (P)

  • President from 1923-1928
  • Revenue Act (Tax reductions) 1925
  • National origins act 1924
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Hoover (P)

  • Stong isolationist
  • Hawley-smoot Tariff 1930 (Highest tariff ever)
  • 'rugged individualism' (Not needing the govenment)
  • Volunteerism
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Al Smith

  • democratic power machine in New York
  • Was very popular in big cities
  • Wanted to be Democratic candidate in 1932 but FDR took the roll instead
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Mitchell Palmer

  • The man put in charge to deal with communists and radicals in the early 1920s
  • Called the Palmer Raids
  • arrested over 4,000 people
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Al Capone

  • Prohibition criminal
  • st valintines day massacre7 people killed to stop rival gang in chicargo
  • 1932 he was arrested
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Eugene Debs

  • Trades union activist
  • created the IWW (industrial workers of the world)
  • Went to jail as part of the Pullman strike in 1894
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FDR (P)

  • President in 1933
  • New deals
    • 1-1933
    • 2-1935
    • 100 days: Bank holidays, reopened selected banks, fireside chats
    • Alphebet agecies
  • Repealed volstead act in 1933
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F.W. Taylor

  • Engineer and mangment expert
  • 'Taylorism' was a way of monitoring the efficiency of your fatory
  • You timed each section and told them how much they must cut down their speed
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Ford

  • Created a car that everyone coud afford
  • mass production
  • new method of assembly lines- skilled men working on specific parts that then come togther to create the final peice.
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Huey Long

  • Populist
  • against new deal
  • 'share our wealh' schemes
    • set up 1934
    • private furtunes over $3 million should be confiscated and every family shold be given enough to buy a house, a car and a radio.
    • campaiged for old age pnsions
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Father charles coughlin

  • Influential radio station
  • at first very for the new deal, but then felt that it wasnt radical enough
  • told people they shouldnt trust the new deal
  • founed the National union for social justice
  • however he became increasing anti semetic and had admiration for the european facist dictators such as hitler
  • This lost him support.
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