silent movies - used music to help tell the stroy, captions on the screen. Overact to get story across. No language barrier so popular worldwide.
Famous Actors - Rudolph Valentino and Clara Bow - Sex symbols. Said to be lowering morals so hays code introduced - no nudity, no long kisses, boy and girl not in bed together.
Charlie Chaplin - famous actor in silent movies.
Merchandise and magazines for actors/actresses - made more money.
The Talkies - Al Jolson - The jazz singer.
Hollywood - used because good weather in California.
Nickelodeon - nickel to get in - cheap, popular because it was comfortable, escapism - get away from their lives, had more free time - labour saving devices.
Movies popular because - wanted to follow their favourite stars, listened and read stories about the stars.
Fads and Crazes
Flagpole sitting - competition to see who could sit on the pole for the longest.
Dance Marathons - comepetition to see the last person dancing, lasted days.
Mahjong - a game from China
Charles Lindbergh - first man to fly the Atlantic in the spirit of st.Louis , without a parachute or radio.
Amelia Earhart - first woman to fly the Atlantic.
Gertrude Ederle - first woman to swim the English Channel.
Jazz Music and Dances
Jazz music originally came from slaves and developed from blues.
Improvisation is often used because unable to read music notes.
More lively and upbeat - new dances to go with it - the charleston, blackbottom.
Black musicians - louis Armstrong - trumpet
- Bessie Smith - Empress of the Blues - Jazz singer.
radio made it more popular - could listen at home for free.
Fundamentlaists didin't like the new music and dances because they were more lively and were said to be lowering moral standards.
Sports became popular because - radio helped people follow the games and news in their own home, the car made it easier for people to travel to sports events.
- sports stars such as Jack Dempsey (boxing) and Babe Ruth (baseball) - immigrants done well so others thought they could.
New stadiums were built to encourage people - more seats to watch as well.
More lesiure time - changing working hours, labour saving devices.
Sports journalists - stories about favourite stars. Merchandise - sold products with stars on to boost sales.
Worldwide success in tennis and golf - wnated to take part.
A profitable business.
Changing role of Women
After world war 1 - didn't have to be chaperoned
- wore shorter dresses and skirts
- drinking and smoking in public, driving cars
- some now had jobs because took on mens jobs whilst they were at war, clothing changed to be more practical for working.
- flappers - young, fashionable women.had short hair - bob cut, rebelled agiant traditions for Women, wore make up and jewelery.New dances and fashion.
- some people such as fundamentalists - didn't like the new flapper lifestyle - lowering morlas.