Unseen Poetry

  • Created by: LincolnRA
  • Created on: 26-11-14 17:32

Wilfred Owen 1


 Horrors of war 


Warning to young men, naivety


Exposes propaganda lies

Emtion recollected in tranquility

Language Techniques:

Shocking, graphic imagery - similes/metaphors for effect

Regular rhyme, uses iambic pentameter

Conjures sound effects in language

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Wilfred Owen 2

Impersonal pronouns - generic, warning all, alienates subject from reader - symbol loss of individuality

Rhetorical quesitons -unanswered-silenced just as soldier is silenced; causes reader to reflect on war, creates pathos - often link to larger question/message ie questioning existence. 

Often poems are elegiac, reflective and resemble elegy in softness of tone - alliteration. See poem titles eg 'Futility', noun, meaning... useless, sets tone

Sonnet form, elegy, lyrical, romantic, direct address to subject, reflective, iambic pentameter creates relatability and humanises speaker, also, structure = regular, Uses sound to create lyrical effect

Contrasts, uses juxtaposition and antitheis of themes to contrast life/death, home/war, warm/cold, sleep/wake. Mocks traditional cliched images eg, red = romance but uses as blood, sonnet form = romantic but uses it to honour bond with soldier

Use/non use of caesura vs enjambment, create bridge between themes and images or does he want to separate them? - symbol of lasting effect of war...   Satire and irony, mocks war and propaganda eg using exclamatory sentences to create less serious tone.

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Christina Rossetti 1



Religion Individual salvation

Motherhood/identity Sexual implications - ****

Love/death - morbitity





Landscapes/journeys - uphill vs downhill paths

Fairy-tale/otherworldly (gothic)

Some = sonnet

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Christina Rossetti 2

Form: monologue, ballad = alternate syllable lines, regular rhyme scheme, narrative poems penned to be sung or read aloud. Tells story

Petrarchan sonnet:octave (lines 1-8) and sestet (9-14), usually noticable volta - change direction of poem - two halves contrast vs compliment? parallel or antithesis?

Assonance used - sorrow and emphasis; Alliteration - fear (paranoid repetition) or love (overpowering feeling)

Imagery: womanhood - innocence, doves; little power, 'like a glove'; uses similes and metaphors emphasis

Pronouns: women vs object, impersonal = tone of injustice

Rhyme scheme: regular? clinical? symbol regularity of life = morbidity theme

Repetition of words, emphasises distance eg Remember? Creates distance or creates link/bridge? Conflict between life vs afterlife, physical existence and human feeling vs acceptance of death and 'another land' 

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William Blake 1



Society/oppression - anti-industry

Love (+flaws), Sexual imagery



Sexuality/sexual oppression


Nature - personification and anthropomorphism, pastoral imagery

Opposition and conflict, Human emotion/natural setting

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William Blake 2


Songs of Experience vs Songs of Innocence: Innocence = dramatize naive hopes, innocence, children - trace change child-adult. Experience = parallels and contrast, lament destroyed innocence by adult life

Corruption of innocent love by greed, jealousy, sexual morality corrupted by shame and secrecy

Anaphora/repetition - emphasis and unity in poem structures, regular rhyme = unity and flowing

Rhetorical questions - child innocence and naivety, inquisitive, questioning society, causes reader to reflect, interrogative

Institution = trap, symbols and metaphors to represent and connote freedom also uses sounds to connote freedom ie sibilance and alliteration and enjambment + lexical field (nouns, verbs...)

Soft vs harsh sound, diphthongs: oi sounds - vowel-sounding dip in word. Other techniques: anthropomorphosm (human attributes to animals vs zoomorphism), pastoral, personification, pathos

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John Keats 1







Sensual imagery

Interior rhymes (rhyme occurs within single line of verse or between internal phrases many times)

Sound: assonance, consonance, alliteration

Odes  - devoted to praise of a person, animal, thing...elevated style, 3 stanzas: strophe, antistrophe, epode; lyrical poetry; sonnets; ballads (song tells tragic story) 

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John Keats 2

Romantic techniques, hyperboly, personification, worship/praise or places/people

Nature = key theme, imagery, similes/metaphors/personification present awesome power of nature, reverance. Also shown by form: Ode = praise addressed at specific thing (nature?)

Assonance, alliteration, diphthong, sibilance = soft sounds, gentle reverance, mellow, sad?

Presents abstract ideas directly - abstract nouns made physical, uses nature to present mindsets, depression = cloud, uphoria = bright sunlight; pathetic fallacy

Inevitability of death, appreciation of beauty = delay for eventual fate

Use of synaesthesia, uses sensual language to create rich imagery (look for sexual connotations and sexual frustration) 

Symbols: music = ecstatic, imagination, used to broaden reader's mind, explore depth of poem and our own lives

Ancient world - presented through imagery and lexis, ancient world = longevity, contrast with fleeting lives

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Thomas Hardy 1


Marriage/Divorce, Love/loss

Victorian attitudes and society - treatment of women




Had formal and traditional style but often used colloquial language


Negative themes and content always

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Thomas Hardy 2


Extended metaphors: death or life's journey. Uses metaphors for death - appears more relatable and easy to deal with, eg winter = extended metphor for death, symbol of inevitability as seasons are all powerful

Uses colloquial language, gives poem appearence of being prosaic and therefore easier to connect with reader

Capitalises abstract nouns to make them proper, gives them weight

Euphemisms: presents heavy topics in alternate ways eg death=stilled'

Tone: monotonous, depressing, old age/aging, regular rhyme scheme = predictable

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