Basic policy pre-1889
Since 1823 American foreign policy was the Monroe Doctorine (Pan-American freedom from European powers)
Spanish-American war showed a more imperialist side to their policy (Cuba was economically interesting)
Theodore Rosevelt (1901-1909)
Big Stick Diplomacy
'White mans burden' to civilise other nations, with diplomacy and christianity
Corollary to the Monroe doctorine: if Europe did any 'wrong doings' in Latin America the US would intervene.
Used during Spanish-American War and Venezuela Affair
Historiography on Big Stick
Louis Perez (1998)
Big Stick + Tellar Amendment seemed to be masking American attempt at gaining control of, econmoically attactive, Cuba.
Williams Taft (1909-1913)
Simialr to Big Stick (enforcing the American ideology) however also creating financial dependancy
Used in Nicaragua-overthrew the government and gave loans to gain more influencial control over the new government-US military presence for a further 15 years.
Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)
Moral Diplomacy - strong but soft America - less threatening, focusing more on the human rights element rather than American gain.
No fixed guidelines.
Maintained isolationist views-however this was stopped by WW1
Isolationist - including Latin America
1925 - Troops pulled from Cuba, Domenican Republic and Nicaragua.
Failed to be isolationist:
- didnt join the League of Nations (but were present at many meetings)
- maintained troops in Haiti and Panama
Good Neighbour Policy - first mentioned in the inaugral address
non-intervention and non-interference in Latin America
This panned out quite well - America withdrew troops however could keep an eye on Latin America without being overbearing
Historiography for Good Neighbour
Greg Grandin - 'Latin America was the region most supportive of American foreign policy after WW2'
Good Neighbour Policy worked for Latin America
Big Stick, Dollar + Moral are fairly similar as they follow the same pattern of American military and economic involvement in Latin America.
Big changes occured after WW1 - isolationist
Europe brought about the beginning of American involvement in Latin America (Spanish-American War) and the end (WW1)