The following factors an affect the type and level of participation in physical activity:
The opportunities available for leisure time has increased in recent yeas for the following reasons:
- Higher levels of employment
- Shorter working time
- Part-time and shift work
- Technological advancements
Fairness and personal and social responsibility:
Understand the concept of etiquette. Some examples of this include:
- Kicking the ball our of play to enable a referee to stop the game for an ijued player to receive treatment.
- Shaking hands with opponents before and after any game.
Participants should also ensure they understand the role that rules play in order to make an activity fair. This can include:
- playing in the spirit of the game, not 'bending' the rules for an unfair advantage.
- responding positively to officials and treating them with respect.
- playing fairly to ensure you are playing safely.
Any for of social group is likely to influence your level and type of participation in any activity and it can be a major influence on physical activity.
your peers are one of the greatest influences upon you and can have both positive and negative affects.
- If your peers are involved in sport and physical activities = positive effect, as you will want to join in with them.
- If your peer group are no in favour of physical activity or have negative views of PE lessons = negative effect, as you are likely to agree with the views too.
Peer-group pressure: where the peer group will attempt to persuade an individual to follow their lead.
Positive and negative influences of participation here too.
- Level of support willing to give
- Financial, e.g purchasing kit etc..
- Providing transport for training or competing.
- Parents are role models as their children might want to follow the sporting tradition.
- Not prepared and not able to provide support.
- Some family members have negative sporting experiences that has put them off physical activity.
- Concerns of safety.
- Pressure to concentrate on academic work rather than practical physical activity.
This is far less of an issue that it used to be as there are now more opportunities for women to access as many sports as men do, and more women are becoming officials and obtaining management roles.
Ethnic background can be a factor especially in a culture where women are not encouraged to take part in PE on religious grounds owing to constraints on what they might be required to wear.