Key Words- 1.
1. Absolution- through the action of the priest, God grants pardon and peace.
2. Chrism- the oil used in baptism, confirmation and ordination.
3. Commemoration- the belief that the Eucharist is simply a rememberance of the Last Supper.
4. Contrition- sorrow for the sin commited and deciding not to do it again.
5. Holy Week- the week before Easter Sunday.
6. Liturgy of the Eucharist- the re-enactment of the Last Supper during which the bread and wine are transubstantiated.
Key Words- 2.
7. Liturgy of the Word- the Bible readings in the second part of Mass.
8. Penance- an action to show your contrition.
9. Penitential Rite- the confession and absolution at the beginning of Mass.
10. Rite of Communion-recieving the Body and Blood of Jesus.
11. Sacrament-an outward sign through which invisible grace is given to a person by Jesus.
12. Transubstantiation-the belief that the bread and wine become the body and blood of Jesus.
- Comes from a Greek word meaning to dip, wash or bathe-the old life is washed away and new one entered.
- You become part of the Church.
- Original sin is washed away.
- Original sin being washed away allows a better chance of salvation.
- Without it, Catholics cannot recieve the other sacraments-Catechism says this.
- The Catechism says that baptism is necessary for salvation so one can enter heaven.
- A person is officially accepted as a Catholic Christian.
- It is the final sacrament of initiation.
- It joins Catholics closely to the Church so they learn to live in a way the Church teaches.
- The confirmee renews their baptisma vows for themselves and make a public declaration of faith.
- This makes the confirmee a full member of the Church.
- In baptism, the confirmee's parents and godparents made the promised for them but it is an opportunity for the individual to declare his belief.
- A gift from the Holy Spirit is recieved which gives strength to develop faith and live the Christian life.
- This is allows someone to recognise their faults and how they have separated themselves from God and need forgiveness.
- Recieving this at least once a year is required by the Church.
- Advice is given on how to avoid temptation and comitting the sin again.
- It allows the penitent to strengthen their relationship with God.
- The gift of grace given allows the penitent to live a better Christian life.
- This allows the penitent to be reconciled with the community too in a public declaration of absolution.
- This allows the penitent to recieve the Eucharist so they can recieve salvation and enter heaven.
Anointing of the Sick.
- This is for people in danger of death, to strengthen them.
- It helps a person deal with their illness and prepare very ill people for death.
- Gives spiritual strength and healing or restoration to health if such is God's will.
- It reminds the sick person and community that the Church can still heal like Jesus and his disciples did.
- It is a very supportive sacrament-it helps the person spiritually and/or physically.
- It joins the ill person with the community.
- It allows the person's sins to be forgiven so they can enter heaven.
- Introductory Rite- the Penitential Rite reminds Catholics that they are sinners ad still need forgiveness.
- Liturgy of the Word-the Bible readings and Homily is given.
- Liturgy of the Eucharist- a re-enactment of the Last Supper and the bread and wine, which are transubstantiated into the body & blood of Christ, is given to the people.
- Concluding Rite-Catholics are given a blessing and reminded to "Go in peace to love and serve the Lord."
- Recieving the body and blood of Christ will help Catholics develop a closer relationship with God and Jesus said to "Do this in memory of me."
- It is a sin to deliberately & knowingly miss Mass on Sundays and holy days.
- The Homily-explaining the readings and relating them to everyday life which helps Catholics understand the teachings of the Church.
The Eucharist in other traditions.
Eastern Orthodox Church-
- The Eucharist is a sacrament where bread & wine become Body & Blood of .Christ by a holy mystery.
- Part of Divine Liturgy-heaven comes to earth in the bread & wine, filling people with grace and the presence of Jesus.
- The Eucharist is Holy Communion.
- It is a commemoration of the Last Supper.
- Bread and wine are symbols that do not change.
- Fills people with presence and grace of Jesus.
Salvation Army & Quakers
- No Eucharist
- Jesus is the only priest and worship should be direct contact with God without symbols & use of sacraments.
Churches and their features.
- The focus-priest offers Mass on the altar as a symbol of Christ offering himself as a sacrifice to God on the cross.
- Has a place of honour-usually next to the altar; it contains the consecrated hosts of the Blessed Sacrament reserved there for distribution to the sick.
- Contains holy water, usually at the entrance (the back) of the Church, reminding Catholics of their baptism.
- Visual aids for the congregation during prayer. They don't pray to the statues.
- Celebration of incarnation.
- Through the life, death & resurrection it is possible to achieve salvation.
- Catholics remember that God showed his love by sending his son to teach humans how to live.
- A time of hope and peace, when Catholics pray for the Second Coming.
- Without the birth of Christ, there would be no Christianity.
- Salvation was made possible.
- Catholics recognise that he was born to suffer, die and save humans from sin as well as working miracles.
- It is a time to celebrate families-Jesus was born into a human family.
- On Ash Wednesday Catholics go to Church for a special Penitential Mass and show their penitence by having a cross of ashes smeared on their forehead.
- Catholics try to give something up to make themselves into better people.
- Catholics try to pray more and strengthen their faith.
- There are special meetings to think about Easter and what it means to be a Christian.
- It is a time when Catholics concentrating on improving their Christian lives.
- It is a chance to think about the teachings of Jesus and what they mean today.
- The readings during Mass are based on the later parts of Jesus' life which help Catholics understand what to do in order to achieve salvation.
- It is a time when Catholics try to increase their faith through extra prayer, study and fasting.
- Begins on Palm Sunday.
- Maundy Thurday, Good Friday and ends on Holy Saturday.
- Jesus' life is recalled, especially from his entrance into Jerusalem to his death on Good Friday.
- A time of reflection and prayer on Jesus' sufferings which enabled salvation.
- Reminds Catholics they should serve on another and put temselves last.
- It inspires Catholics to think about their role in the world-to stand up for justice and peace.
- Reminds Catholics of the suffering Jesus experienced, helping them to face their suffering.
- Reminds Cathoics of the salvation Jesus brought us, and try to do things to make up for their sins. (Reparation).
- Most important celebration-the greatest miracle of all; Jesus' resurrection and brought us salvation.
- Proves Christ's identity-that he is both human and divine
- It gives Catholics a chance to think about the mysteries of their faith and deepen their faith.
- The resurrection was the final part of salvation and through the resurrection, sins can be forgiven and Catholics can be allowed into heaven.
- It celebrates the resurrection and proves that Jesus is God, since no one BUT God could perform such a miracle.
- Without the resurrection, salvation would have never been possible and Catholics woudn't be able to enter heaven.
- It proves Jesus is still alive and working in his Church
- It celebrates Jesus' victory over death and evil-new adult Catholics are often baptised on Easter Sunday.