Unit 4 Research


LA.A1 - Why Research in the Early Years Sector?

  • To inform children's parents, carers, and families on techniques in supporting children.
  • To try and make childcare assessable to a larger percentages of families.
  • To ensure all within the early years sector are aware of today's current issues regarding children, and the ways in which they can contribute to children's learning and development. 
  • To build upon experinces and develop a deeper understanding. 
  • To analyse the changes in the early years sector (children's behaviour, policies and procedures) 
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LA.A1 - The purpose of research

  • To improve outcomes for children and parents/carers using early years provision. 
  • Inform policies and procedures in early years practice. 
  • Extend knowledge and understanding.
  • Identify gaps within provision 
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LA.A2 - Issues researched in Early Years

  • Early Years provision - Managing transitions well 
  • Current legislation and guidlines to support children - Following relevant laws & policies 
  • Effectiveness of different types of provision - Holisitic care and support 
  • Benefits and infomation from statutory, voluntary, and private services -  Partnership working 
  • Multi-agency working - Early intervention 
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LA.A2 - Issues researched in Early Years

  • The Early Years Foundation Stage Statutory Framework - Curriculum & developmental milestones 
    • Aims & objectives of the EYFS - Aids, observation, and assessment guidelines 
    • Play & education programmes - Inclusion, health, and development 
    • Safeguarding & welfare requirements - Policies & procedures, protecting children from harm
    • Equality & inclusion - Diversity & acceptance of all children 
    • Early Years pedagogy in practice - Different approaches to teaching 
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LA.B1 - Research Methodologies

  • Primary Research - Research you carry out yourself e.g. completing a survey on opinions of brestfeeding
  • Secondary Research - Using research that has been created by other individuals e.g. articles online
  • Qualivitve Data - Collecting information in a written form
  • Quantative Data - Collecting data in numbers, and statistical forms 
  • Covert - When participant does not know they are being observed 
  • Overt - When participant is aware they are being observed 
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LA.B1 - Research Methodologies

Interviews - Structured, semi-structured, and unstructured.

Case Studies - Indepth investigation, mainly subjective. 

Scientific Experiment - An organised and detailed series of steps to test a hypothesis. 

Questionnaires - Quick to compare, but people may not answer all questions. 

Checklist - Can provide general guidelines to organise activities & day to day learning. 

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LA.B1 - Analysis of Secondary Data

  • Department For Education 
  • Local Authorities 
  • Children's Comminsioners Report on Vunerability 
  • National Child and Maternal Health Intellegence Network
  • Helen Tovey's All About Risk 
  • Government Department Social Care and Commentary Children and Young People
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LA.B2 - Research Methods For Planning & Analysing

Literature Searches - Reviewing esearch and informaion on a topic 

Rationale for Research - Concidering the reason for the research 

Deciding on Achieveable Objectives - Deciding on objectives once the research area is chosen 

Selecing Approriate Research Methods - The research method must be relevant to the research 

Selecting Target Group and Sample - Who your research is aimed at (Random sampling, systematic sampling, stratified sampling, and voulentary sampling)

Deciding Realisitc Timescales - Focus of the research has to be achieveable and realistic 

Deciding How Research Will Be Moniored and Modified - Monitoring and reviewing the research 

Reviewing The Source Material - Is it from a reliable source?

Deciding Measures for Success - Evaluating the research undertaken 

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LA.B3 - Ethical Issues

  • Morals & values
  • How to protect participants from harm 
  • Treating people appropriatley & fairly 
  • Confidentality 
  • Keeping identity safe from exposure 
  • Safeguarding and welfare requirements 
  • Giving informed concent 
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LA.B3 - Ethical Issues Related Legislation's

  • Data Protection Act 1998
  • Freedom Of Information Act 2000
  • United Nations Convention On The Rights Of A Child 
  • Human Rights Act 1998
  • NSPCC 
  • ERIC (Ethical Research Involving Children)
  • National Children's Bureau 
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LA.B4 - Research Skills

  • Time Management & Organisational Skills 
  • Subjective & Objective Standpoints 
  • Identyfying Analysing & Evaluating Source Material 
  • Shoing Connections Between Sources Of Information 
  • Methods Of Analysis & Drawing Conclusions 
  • Recognising Potetnial Sources Of Bias/Error 
  • Distinguishing Between Fact & Opinion 
  • Interpreting Graphs & Tables 
  • Using Simple Coding & Thematic Analyisis 
  • Selecting Relevant Numerical Data 
  • Analysis Of Results, Data, & Findings 
  • Triangulation, Percntages, & Statistical Averages 
  • Reading Techniques 
  • Bibliography & Reference 
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