Unit 3 -Sport Psychology


A1 - Motivation

Internal energy force that determines all aspects of our behaviour; it also impacts on how we think, feel and interact with others.

Intrinsic Motivation:

  • Pleasure
  • Fun
  • Feeling
  • Self worth
  • Excitement
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A1 - Motivation (Ex + A)

Extrinsic Motivation:

  • Trophies
  • Medals
  • Prizes
  • Records
  • Money.


  • Too hard
  • Too easy
  • Boring

Signs of low motivation - Lack of desire to train as much as you should, less than 100% in training, skipping or shortening training or effort that is inconsistant with your goals.

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A2 - Achievement Goal Theory

Task Orientated Goals:

  • Not to worry about the outcome
  • Leads to mastery over the task skill
  • Success in meeting the task orientated goals is measured by:

1) How well the individual mastered the task.

2) How much of a self-improvement is made.

3) How proficient the skills and abilities were.

  • Task orientated goals can be achieved regardless of whether or not the person has come first or last place in the race, or won or lost a game (Elliot, 2005)

Ego Orientated Goals:

  • Primary motivation for action in persuing ego orientated goals is to be better than others.
  • Fuelled by competition.
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