- Created by: abbiedye
- Created on: 07-12-19 21:01
Why might accidents occur?
- can be the result of poorly maintained areas, fittings and equipment
- individuals may be more susceptible to accidents due to reduced mobility and awareness of hazards
- poor working practices can be a cause, such as unsafe moving and handling
Why might exposure to infections occur?
- individuals may be susceptible to bacterial infections
- poor environmental conditions can create conditions where pathogens can thrive
- poor working practices, like poor personal hygiene, can encourage spread of pathogens
Why might exposure to chemicals occur?
- if individuals are exposed to a hazardous substance when carrying out daily work tasks
- exposure can occur unexpectedly if a spillage has occurred
- if safe practices as specified in manufacturers instructions for storing, handling and disposing have not been followed
Why might spillages occur?
- spillages of body fluids can lead to outbreaks of infections
- spillages of waste and other hazardous substances have potential to have serious consequences
Why might intruders occur?
- when premises are poorly maintained, intruders could enter the building
- may access premises due to poor working practices that allow unauthorised people access building
- protecting electronic and paper records is essential
- source of emotional upset and harm for those whose safety has been threatened
Why might aggressive and dangerous encounters occu
- bruised eye from an individual hitting out
- fall down the stairs from an individual who has abused alcohol
- bite to the arm from an aggressive individual who has abused drugs
Why might a fire occur?
- can have devastating consequences for everyone
- fire safety involves knowing how to prevent fires from starting and spreading
- only start if oxygen, fuel and heat are present
Why might floods occur?
- caused by water escaping from an item inside the premises
- due to a failure to carry out routine maintenance checks
- potential to cause long-term damage to premises and spread diseases carried in water
Why might a loss of water supply occur?
- could indicate a burst pipe somewhere in the premises or a leak in the mains system
- due to a failure of routine maintenance checks
- have an impact on key care and support activities (cleaning, washing, cooking)
Why might other critical incidents occur?
- faulty light switch or electrical appliance may cause electricity to cut out
- gas leak from faulty appliances and pipework can lead to fires and explosions
- bomb threats should be taken seriously
How should people report accidents?
- legal requirement that records are kept of accidents
- name of person injured or ill
- date, time and place of accident/incident
- details of the injury/illness
- treatment given and what happened to the injured/ill person afterwards
- all records must be signed
What are evacuation procedures?
- evacuation procedures and escape routes will vary for different settings
- evacuation routes must be kept clear, well lit and signposted
What is ACT FAST?
- Act fast - do not panic, sound the fire alarm
- Control and contain the fire - if trained to do so
- Telephone fire brigade - give details about you, location and the fire
- Follow emergency procedures - ensure everyone's safety
- Assist in ensuring everyone in safe place - inside or outside
- Support others - no one returns or stops to collect belongings
- Try to remain calm - told it is safe to return
Why is it important to conduct a follow-up review
- incidents and emergencies occur suddenly and unexpectedly
- casualties, witnesses and responders will be affected and therefore support and counselling must be offered
- implementing actions from findings of the reviews will form a part of the follow-up review process
Why should the incident be reported to relevant au
- depending on the nature of the incident, external agencies (police, fire service) may be involved
- outbreaks of infection and occurrences of notifiable diseases must be reported to the local health protection unit (HPU)
- RIDDOR requires that work-related injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences are reported to the HSE or local authority
What are the 3 P's (first aider)?
- Preserving life - first step is to assess for danger
- Preventing deterioration - preventing further harm to the casualty or their condition worsening
- Promoting recovery - staying with individual until health arrives to enable effective handover
What is DR'S ABC (first aider)?
- Danger checks - check for any risks or signs of danger
- Response assessment - assess all casualties
- Shout for help - call an ambulance
- Airway checks - check that the airways are open and not blocked
- Breathing checks - check if breathing normally (perform CPR if trained to do so)
- Circulation checks - continue to monitor the casualty