Unit 2 ICT

  • Created by: katyh1422
  • Created on: 04-12-18 11:38

SWOT analysis

Stands for- strengths, weaknesses, opportunites and threats.

Identifies the strengths and weaknesses of a situation and starts you thinking ahead about what issues need to be considered.

The strengths identifies the internal positive factors- what is good within the client brief and scenario?

The weaknesses identifies the internal negative factors- what is bad in the client brief and scenario, what is causing an issue at the moment?

Opportunities show the external positive factor- what can you do outside of the scenario to make the situation better?

Threats show the external negative factors- what is there outside of the scenario that can have a negative effect on the project?

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SMART objectives

SMART stands for: specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time.

Specific- clearly state what is needed in the project(store all my console games so i know what i have.)

Measurable- Clearly state how this can be met and checked(create a database of all my games)

Achievable- Can it be done? Are there any issues stopping it?(Yes, i have the software to do it.

Realistic- Am i really able to do this?(Yes but i may need to read up about creating tables.)

Time- When will this be done by?(I will create the database by Friday)

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Success criteria

The brief tends to have:

-some clear requirements

-some implied requirements

You may need to be abl to reate a simple list of what these needs are, you can use this to check that your project is working...Success criteria!

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Work Plans

A project can easily fail if you do not consider exactly what needs to be done to complete the project.

You need to consider:

-The tasks

-The activities

-The resources

-How long it will take

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Risks

A risk is an issue that can:

-cause the project to develop slowly

-create a major barrier to the success of the project

-lead to the project not being completed

Time- is there another time to complete the project and is there xtra time if needed?

Resources-what hardware and software is needed and do you have access to them? Can you use them?

Regulations-what laws do you need to think about?

Security-what data needs to be protected? Who needs access to the data?

Ethical and moral-what data do you need? who should not see it?

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Software and hardware

Hardware- A physical device attatched to a computer

Software- Th code or instructions given to a computer which cause it to respond and perform funcitions(Microsoft word, powerpoint)

To complete financial calculations you would use a spreadsheet, using tables to arrange information, formulas for calculations and you would use charts to show results.

To store personal data you would use a database, using vildation rules, combo boxes and data type settings.

You can also search for data using queries

To present to an audience you can use presentation software

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Computer legislation

There are four computer laws:

-The data protection act

-The copyright design ad patents act

-The computer misuse act

-The health and safety at work act

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Milestones

A milestone is a point in time in a project where you are able to move on to another part or task.

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Risk mitigation

Planning for issues which could occur so they don't stop a project being successful.

How it is mitigated against depends on:

-the type of risk

-the software used

-the storage location

-the number of people who will use or view the data

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Types of test data

-Normal

-Erroneous

-Extreme

Normal is data with no errors

Erroneous data is data with known errors

Extreme data is data that is at the end of the ranges of possibility

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