Unit 2

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National Curriculum

  • The compulsory physical education programme provided by schools

Aims to develop:

  • successful learners who enjoy learning
  • confident individuals
  • responsible citizens who make positive contribution

PE= compulsory up to 16

Government recommend a minimum of 2 hours a week

KS1-3 compeittive games= compulsory

KS4 aims to motivate young people to continue with activity after their schooling

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Six activity areas

Outwitting opponents


Accurate replication of actions


Exploring and communicating ideas


Performing at maximum levels 


Identifying and solving problems to overcome challenges


Exercising safely and effectively 

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National Healthy school programme

AIM= to help young people to be able to make informed health and life choices

  • long term initiative
  • whole school approach
  • develop healthy behaviour
  • raise achievement
  • reduce health inequalities
  • promote social inclusion


  • PSHE- sex and realtionship educations- positive contribution
  • Healthy eating- giving knowledge to make healthy food choices 
  • Physical activity- encourages them to be physically active- gives understanding of PA 
  • Emotional health and well-being- help children understand thier feelings and build confidence/ bullying policies/behaviour and reward schemes
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Healthy eating

How schools encourage healthy eating:

  • whole school food pliciy
  • provide parents with information
  • work with caters to serve a healthy menu
  • ban the sale of unhealthy foods/drink
  • school ethos
  • promote campaigns
  • traffic light syztem to classify meals as red, amber or green

Whole school food policy:

  • partneship between catering and teaching staff
  • coordinated food approach
  • all habing access to healthy food
  • providing parents with information
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Healthy eating

School meal review panel:

  • food based standards- type and frequency of food offered
  • nutrition based standards- proportion of nutrients students receive

food choices available in schools:

  • shacks=low fat and sugar free
  • fruit tuck shop
  • free fresh drinking water

National initiatives:

  • national school fruit schemes
  • national healthy school standard
  • growing schools
  • focus on food
  • sainsburys taste of success
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Physical Activity Policy


  • Increase physical activity levels
  • increase well-being
  • increase understanding of the importance of a healthy activity lifestyle 
  • reduce weight
  • promote positive attitudes towards exercises 
  • instil healthy habits


  • all staff= encourages to take part in sport
  • school sport co-ordinator in schools
  • policy should be monitored and evaluated
  • a min of 2 hours of PA a week
  • broad range of activities should be offered 
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Activity range

  • traditional sports should be offered during pe lessons
  • extra curricular activities offer a range of activities 
  • can be recreational/competitives


  • become part of a team
  • opportunity to be a captain
  • visit other schools
  • trips to top class sport venues
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Attitudes to staff

  • the abilities, attitudes and interests affect activities offered
  • specific staff interest will cause a rise in that particular sport
  • negative attitudes to helping out afterschool will reduce the opportunities available


  • general positive teaching attitudes/enthusiasm
  • playing ability of staff- act as a role model
  • making the activity more challenging can make you want to take part
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  • more facilities= wider range of activities
  • specific facilities = encourage specific participation in particular sports or activities

Negative effects

  • poor/old facilities - means students will not be encouraged to take part
  • lack of facilities prevent participation
  • dual use facilities reduce time availability
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Club links

  • can develop links with clubs to offer a wider range of extra-curricular activities-they can use thier facilities

Schools increase participation by:

  • lessons= interesting/fun
  • offering a range of qualification courses
  • celebrating success
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Accredited courses and qualifications

  • BTEC
  • GCSE
  • A-Level
  • Sports performer awards

GCSE PE benefits:

physical benefits- better fitness and improved performance levels

Academic benefits- good exam results, gaining qualifications

Vocational opportunites:

  • performer
  • open sports enable amateurs to get paid through loopholes e.g. sponsorships
  • careers- PE Teachers, official, personal trainer
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