UK Population Structure

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UK Population Structure

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Population has changed from 38 million in 1901 to 61 million in 2007

Population Structure

  • UK now has a top heavy population structure
  • In 1931 24% of the population was under 16 and 7% was over 65
  • Now over 65 is 16% and under 16 is 19%
  • In 1091 average life expectancy for men was 50 and women was 57
  • In 2007 women life expectancy is 77 for men and 82 for women

Demographic Transition Model

Stage 1 = Pre industrial both death rates and birth rates remain high, children are security, children are an economic asset and poor medical care

Stage 2 = Industrial period birth rate is high and death rate is falling, public health provision, better working conditions, clean water supply

Stage 3 = BR is declining and DR is in slow decline because contraception is avialable, education, female employment, cost of childcare and housing costs

Stage 4 = BR is in slow decline and DR is stable because of a youthful population

Stage 5 = BR is lower than DR because of poverty, reccession and outward migration

Social reasons = birth control methods the pill in 1960s, post war baby boom in the 1950s, improved education not smoking when pregant and improving women

Economic = Migration South East drift from mining towns, ageing population, cost of childcare, increase consumer lifestyles, average cost of a child is £150,000

Political= Creation of the NHS in 1948, ethicnity migrants within the EU, AIDs campagin in the 80s

Environmental= Non-leaded fuel, EU regulations on CO2 emissions and sewage treatment






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