Typhoon Haiyan

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  • Created by: Riya2105
  • Created on: 23-02-20 15:34

Background Information

Typhoon Haiyan was a category 5 'super' typhoon that affected the Philippines in November 2013. The storm formed over the warm tropical waters of the Pacific Ocean and moved westwards. The winds reached 275km/h and the extreme low pressure system brought a storm surge of 5m. The storm surge devastated the city of Tacloban on the island of Leyte. 

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Primary Effects

  • 6300 people were killed
  • Damage to 40,000 homes
  • 90% of Tacloban destroyed
  • Airports were badly destoyed
  • Roads were blocked by fallen trees and debris
  • Electricity was cut off  
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Secondary Effects

  • Flooding caused landslides which resulted in road blockages
  • Disease outbreaks were caused by a lack of clean water and sanitation
  • Water became contaminated with seawater and chemicals
  • Destroyed schools affects livelihoods and education
  • Looting and violence broke out in Tacloban
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Immediate Responses

  • 1200 evacuation centres were set up
  • Overseas aid from NGOs
  • 800,000 people were evacuated
  • French, Belgian and Israeli field hospitals set up to help the injured
  • The Phillippines Red Cross delivered basic food aid, which included rice, cannnd food, sugar, salt and cooking oil
  • Power was restored
  • US aircraft carries and helicopters assited with search and rescue and the delivery aid
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Long-term responses

  • Aid in the form of finance and supplies from the UN
  • Homes were rebuilt in safer areas
  • Rice farming and fishing industries quickly re-established
  • Build Back Better upgraded the infrastructure
  • Thousands of homes have been built away from areas at risk from flooding
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