Typhoon

Typhoon

Typhoon Haiyan, The typhoon

Had winds reaching speeds of 313km/h

There was 281.9 mm of rainfall in some areas (almost a foot) of which fell within 12 hours

There was waves up tp 7 metres high in some areas

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Typhoon- SEE

Social-

Over 7,000 deaths. 6 million lost their sources of income. 1.9 million left homeless. Outbreaks of disease due to lack of food, water, shelter and medication. 30,000 boats were destroyed which greatly effected the fishing community.

Economical-

The overall cost impact was around £3.83billion. 6 million lost sorces of income. Major rice, corn and sugar producing areas were destroyed

Environmental-

Thousands of trees were uprooted which led to an increase of carbon dioxide. 71,000 hectares of farmland was affected. Flooding knocked over an oil barge causing a massive oil spill, harming many ecosystems. 

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Typhoon- responses

Responses-

over 750,000 residents were evacuated before it hit.

Asked for international help a day later after reviweing the situation.

UK overnment provided food, shelter,, clean water, medicine and other supplies for 800,000 victims.

Several charities helped provide resources to rebuild the Phillippenes and help people get their livliehood back.

The United Nations launched an aid appeal over £480 million.

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Drought causes/description

'The Big Dry'

The rainfall was very uneven, but a common trend was very little amounts if any in the South and South East. 

El Nino was the main cause of it, as it impacts the temperature lots. 

2 million people rely on a river for their water so there could be a shortage of water due to that as well. 

40% of the regiion rely on agricultur and farming and them jobs use up lots of water for washing food, giving catle drinks, watering crops andother uses to, so a lot is used up.

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Drought- effects

'The Big Dry' Consquences-

People in rural areas left due to lack of water, which increased pressure on cities.

The suicide rate in rural areas increased.

The number of dairy farms halved

Water bills rose by 20%

Food prices rose, so they grew more reliant on imorts.

Farmers had to sell their cattle

10,000 people in the cotton industry were affected by it.

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Drought- responses

'The Big Dry'- responses

A desalinisation plant was built in Melbourne, creating 150 billion litres of drinking water per year.

Drought tollerant crops are being brought into farming.

Farmers are offered councilling to help prevnt suicides.

Hotlines were set up to talk about saving water in the home.

the government gave farmers £80 million

More Dams were made to conserve and contain water.

Adverts about water restrictions were in place to remind people.

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