TYPES OF OBSERVATION

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  • Created by: _Holly98
  • Created on: 12-12-15 12:37

OBESRVATION

PSYCHOLOGISTS WAY SEEING PEOPLE DO WITHOUT ASKING

NARURAL OR CONTROLLED SETTING

FLEXIBILITY STUDY COMPELX INTERACTIONS BETWEEN VARIABLES NATURAL WAY

OFTEN USED ASSESS DV

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NATURALISTIC

SETTING TARGET BEHAVIOUR OCCUR

ASPECTS ENVIORNMENT VARY

WOULDNT MAKE SENSE ARTIFIICALLY 

BETTER NORMALY TAKE PLACE

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CONTROLLED

CONTROL CERTAIN ASPECTS

MARY AINSWORTH - STRANGE SITUATION

RECORDED KIDS REACTED MOTHERS & DEALTH INTRODUCTION STRANGER IN PLAYROOM

RECOREDED DATA TWO WAY MIRROR

SOME CONTROL VARIALBLES / MANIPULATION VARIABELS OBSERVE EFFECTS

CONTROL EXTREANOUS VARIABLES

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EVALUATION

STRENGTH

HIGH EXTERNAL VALIDITY - GENERALISE FINDINGS 

WEAKNESS

LACK CONTORL HARD REPLICATE (NATURALISTIC)

UNCONTROLLED EXTREANOUS DIFFICULT JUDGE BEHAVUOUR PATTERN

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COVERT

RECORDED WITHOUT CONSENT FIRST

UNAWARE FOCUS STUDY 

MUST BE PUBLIC / HAPPENING ANYWAY TO BE ETHICAL

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OVERT

PARTICIPANTS AWARE BEHAVIOUR RECORDED

INFORMED CONSENT GIVEN

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EVALUATION

STRENGTHS

UNAWARE REMOE REACITIVITY - INCREASE VALIDITY

WEAKNESS

ETHICS IS QUESTIONABLE

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PARTICIPANT

OBSERVER PART OBSERVED GROUP

EG. IMPROVED STUDY FACTORY WORKER & MANAGEMENT BY HAVING OBSERVER PARTICIPATE

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NON-PARTICIPANT

RESEARCHER REMAINS SEPERATE

RECORDS BEHVAIOUR OBJECTIVE MANNER

IMPRACTICAL JOIN - ONLY OPTION

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EVALUATION

STRENGTHS

RESEARCHER INVOLVED BETTER INSIGHT - INCREASE VALIDITY

NON-PARTICIPANT ALLOW REASEARCHER MAINTAIN OBJECTIVE - LESS DANGER "GOING NAIVE"

WEAKNESS

RESEARCHER IDENTIFY TOO STRONGLY LOSE OBJECTIVITY

LOSE VALUABLE INFO AS TOO FAR REMOVED

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