Types of abuse

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Physical

Hitting, shaking throwing, poisoning, burning, scalding, drowning, suffocation, fabrication of symptoms and deliberately induces illness of child. 

 Hitting slapping, pushing, misuse of medication, restraint or inappropriate physical sanctions.     

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Sexual

Forcing or enticing a child to take part in sexual activities. 

Physical contact- penetration (**** or oral sex) or non penetrative masturbation, kissing, rubbing or touch (with or without clothes)

Non physical contact- sexual images, watching sexual activities, encouraging to behave in sexual manner and grooming

**** or sexual assult or acts to which the adult has not consented or was pressured into consenting.

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Emotional

Persistent emotional maltreatment of children such as cause severe and persistent adverse effects on child's emotional development. Saying thye are worthless or unloved, inadequate, or valued only in so far to meet the needs of another person. Dont give child opportunity to express views, deliberately silence them or make fun of what they say and how they communicate it.

Threats of harm or abandonment,deprivation of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, intimidation, coercion, harassment, verbal abuse, isolation or unreasonable/ unjustifiable withdrawal of services or supportive networks.

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Neglect

Persistant failure to meet child's basic physical and/or physcological needs likely to result in the serious impairment of the child's health or development. Failure of providing adequate food, shelter, clothing and protection from physical and emotional harm or danger, adequate supervision or access to medical care or treatment.

Ignores medical or physcial care needs, failure to provide access to appropriate health, care and support or educational services, witholding of necessities of life, such as medication or adequate nutrition or heating.

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Financial

Theft, fraud, exploitation, coercion in relation to an adult's financial affairs or arrangements, including connections with wills, property, inheritance or finiancial transactions, or the misuse of property, posessions or benefits.

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Insitutional

Neglect and poor care practice within an instituation or specific care setting like a hospital or care home. May include isolation and incidents to continuing ill-treatment.

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Bullying

Behaviour that is repeated, intended to hurt someone and often aimed at certain groups eg. race or gender. Can inculde physical assult, teasing, name calling, making threats and cyberbullying.

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Discrimination

Something that underlies many forms of abuse and includes treating people less favourably on grounds of racem gender, gender identity, disability, sexual orientation, religion and other forms of harassment.

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Exploitation/ Mate Crime

Can occur either opportunistcially or premeditated. It involves unfarly manipulating someone for profit or personal gain. Often where abuser pretends to be their friends.

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