Turning to Crime - Upbringing
Wilkstrom and Tafel - Socio-economic deprivation can be seen as a plausible explanation for the crime of theft. But we still need to consider Individual differences (those who choose not to steal)
Aim/M&P: Investigate why young people offend; Snapshot study; 2000 students
Results: Many factors predispose an individual to criminal activity.
- Family social position and social situation - e.g. whether they live in a disadvantaged neighbourhood and their parenting skills;school attended.
- Individual Characteristics - e.g. they may have no morals when they steal, so they don't feel guilty.
- Community context - e.g. disadvantaged neigbourhood (living in poverty)
3 types of criminals: Propensity-induced;Lifestyle dependent;Situationally limited
Situtationally ltd - May still offend if situation arose (substance abuse) but unlikely to be long-term offenders - e.g. living in poverty - have oppurtunity to steal to fund for food to help their survival.
Conclusion: May explain why someone being Sit Ltd may lead them to turn to crim behaviour.