Turning to Crime - Upbringing - Wilkstrom and Tafel

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Turning to Crime - Upbringing

Wilkstrom and Tafel - Socio-economic deprivation can be seen as a plausible explanation for the crime of theft. But we still need to consider Individual differences (those who choose not to steal)

Aim/M&P: Investigate why young people offend; Snapshot study; 2000 students

Results: Many factors predispose an individual to criminal activity.

  • Family social position and social situation - e.g. whether they live in a disadvantaged neighbourhood and their parenting skills;school attended.
  • Individual Characteristics - e.g. they may have no morals when they steal, so they don't feel guilty.
  • Community context - e.g. disadvantaged neigbourhood (living in poverty)
  • Lifestyle

3 types of criminals: Propensity-induced;Lifestyle dependent;Situationally limited

Situtationally ltd - May still offend if situation arose (substance abuse) but unlikely to be long-term offenders - e.g. living in poverty - have oppurtunity to steal to fund for food to help their survival.

Conclusion: May explain why someone being Sit Ltd may lead them to turn to crim behaviour.

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