Turning to Crime - Cognition - Gudjonsson and Bown
Gudjonsson and Bownes - This is about how one thinks about other people and the effect of one's actions on others.
Aim/M&P: To examine criminal's attribution styles; 3 groups of participants: Violent;Property;Sexual offenders
Participants completed a 'Blame attribution inventory' to assess how offender attributed blame for their criminal activities. They could attribute blame to themselves (Internal - e.g. guilt) to a mental element (e.g. depression) or to an external source. [If behaviour is positive = More internal attributions/If behaviour is negative = More external]
Results: Sexual group showed most remorse for offences such as **** and paedophilia with an average mean score of 12.7, whereas property offenders (e.g. theft/burglary) showed least remorse with a mean score of 5.5. Violent criminals showed only higher external attributions e.g. someone who committed GBH or Homicide.
Conclusion: Criminals make different attributions dependent on the crime committed. Guilt is higher in sexual offenders (Internal). External attributions are highest in criminals who commit violent crimes.