Hippocrates develops: theory of the Four Humours -
Blood, Phlegm, Yellow Bile, Black Bile. Ideas about natural causes of diseases are now as important and common as supernatural.
Hippocrates develops: Clinical Observation - 5th/4
Observing patient and taking notes on symptoms. Doctors have rules to follow and spread their methods.
Vesalius makes detailed anatomical drawings - 1530
Proved Galen was wrong and challenged Greek and Roman ideas by dissection of humans.
Paré tries out new surgical methods - 1530 - 1560
New methods of surgery, written in books so that the ideas spread. Ideas didn't work very effectively until the development of antiseptic.
Harvey studies the heart - 1620 - 1650
Challenged Greek and Roman ideas; proved by experiments.
Smallpox Vaccination - 1790
Prevention of the infectious disease smallpox. Leads to vacccination
Pasteur develops germ theory - 1860
Once the link between germs and disease is proved and understood, developments 7-12 (cards) become possible
Simpson develops anaesthetics - 1840
More complex operations were possible.
Lister develops effective anaesthetics - 1860
Antiseptics mean that operations are now a safe way to treat illnesses and injury rather than a last resort.
Nightinglae improves hospitals and nursing practic
Clean hospitals mean that people who visit hospital do not die.
Public Health Act 1875
Conditions in towns are cleaner which leads to the end of disease, and later on to improvements in living conditons - housing etc.
Ehrlich creates the first magic bullet - 1911
Cure for syphilis. Leads to chemical cures for other diseases.
Discovery of penicillin - 1928
A cure for infectious diseases developed most infectious diseases are now treatable with antibiotics.