Tudor rebellions

Tudor rebellions condensed

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Lovell and Stafford

Causes - Dynastic, personal gain in restoring Yorkist monarchy

Leaders - Viscount Lovell and Stafford Brothers

Events - Both could not raise support, Lovell fled to Burgundy and the Stafford brothers were executed

Where - Yorkshire

Government force used - Lack of support

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Causes - Dynastic, pretender to the throne

Leaders - Simnel

Events - Tried to impersonate the captured Earl of Warwick, claimant to the throne. 2,000 mercenaries from Burgundy and support from Irish. They marched to London but met an army at Stoke were they were defeated in 1487 

Conclusion - leaders executed, Simnel became a kitchen boy in King's household

Government force used 

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Causes - Economic, unwilling to pay for taxes for war against France 

Events - Bad harvests and unuse to taxation for French wars they did not want to pay and when Norhumberland tried to collect the taxes he was murdered

Conclusion - The rebellion was easily crushed and due to the new northumberland being a minor there was no more trouble from the North. However, he did not collect the taxes

Success for rebels - did not have to pay 

Government force - No leaders 

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Causes - Economic, unwilling to pay for war against Scotland

Events -The rebels marched through Cornwall gaining support from clergy and gentry, only able to gain support from one nobility - Lord Audley. However as they approached London their numbers depleted. 

Conclusion - Henry easily crushed the rebellion and and over 1000 rebels were killed, with only two ringleaders and the Earl of Audley executed

Strength of Monarch - Government force

*Strength of monarch because many rebels left fearful of the outcome of going against the royal army. 

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Causes - Dynastic, impersonating one of Richard III's sons

Events - Warbeck tried to gain support from Ireland, France, the Holy Roman Empire and Scotland. All of them signed treaties with Henry promising not to hold pretenders

Conclusion - All the countried threw him out and he was caught and executed in 1499 

He was able to gain support from William Stanley, Lord Chamberlain and Cornwall who were still upset about their failed rebellion

Failure of foreign support - Strength of monarch

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Amicable Grant

Causes - Economic, did not want to pay Wolsey's taxes

Events - After 3 years of heavy taxation Wolsey ordered the collection of £800,000. People did not want to pay even though it was to fight war in France

Where - East Anglia, Berkshire,Wiltshire, Kent, Suffolk and Essex

Conclusion - Henry ordered that the tax be abandoned and the ringleaders be pardoned

Achievement - the people did not have to pay and no one lost their lives

Could be seen as successful rebellion

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Pilgrimage of Grace

Causes - Economic, poor harvests, enclousure, taxes on sheep and cattle                                         Religious, happened after clousure of smaller monastries

Leaders - Robert Aske - lawyer and leading Yorkshire family

Events - force of 10,000 men in York, the rebels marched down to Pontefract castle where the negotiated with Norfolk. They sent demands to the King, Henry rejected the demands but offered pardons to all but the ringleaders. Aske agreed a pardon with Henry but Francis Bigod remained unconvinced and tried to rebel in Cumberland

Conclusion - Henry had been given a reason to back out of the deal. Commons, gentry and nobility were executed. Aske, Lord Darcy and bigod were among these

Achieved - postponed October subsidy

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Western Rebellion

Causes - Religious, wanted restoration of old religious practices                                                       Economic, opposition to raised rents                                                                                 Dynastic, Pole had Yorkist connections                                                      

Events - William body was attacked for his support of Protestantism. Rebel army besieged Exeter, royal forces defeated them 

Conclusion - Their demands were rejected and they were defeated 

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Kett's rebellion

Causes - Religious, wanted protestant reformation, removal of incompetant priests                             Economic, Anti enclousure riot, demands referring to farming and rent racking

Events - Flowerdew attacks Kett's property. Kett took control. Offered full pardon but Kett refused. Army under Northampton was sent to defeat them instead he got defeated. Later 12,000 men were sent against them. Pardon was not given

Conclusion - Kett was hanged

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Lady Jane Grey

Causes - Dynastic, Northumberland putting his son on throne

Events - Northumberland married his son to Lady Jane Grey. She was made heir instead of Mary. Was queen for 9 days 

Conclusion - legitimacy overruled religious views and Mary succeed to the throne. Northumberland, Lady Jane Grey and Guilford Dudley were executed 

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Wyatts rebellion

Causes - Religious, stronghold of Protestantism                                                                               Economic, cloth trade in Kent suffering, unemplyment rising                                               Dynastic, opposed marriage to Phillip of Spain. Plot to put Elizabeth on throne

Events - Wanted to despose of Mary for Elizabeth. Kent was the only place where rebellion took hold no gentry stopped Wyatt. They marched to London. However, London closed their gates and they could not persuade them otherwise

Conclusion - Wyatt surrendered after about 40 men were killed

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Northern Earls

Causes - Dynastic, wanted to put Mary Queen of Scots on throne                                                     Religious, restoration of Catholic religion 

Events - The earls of Westmoreland and Northumberland planned to release Mary Stuart from captivity. The Catholic earls wanted greater power for themselves in the north and called for the dismissal of William cecil. 

Conclusion - Few supported the rebellion and when the royal army approached the earls fled. Nothumberland was executed but Westmoreland was never found 

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Causes - economic, illegal enclousure

Events - four men gathered on enslow hill to try to put together a rebellion opposing to enclousure especially because of population incerease this was a large grievance

Conclusion - the support never came and they were executed 

Achieved - Privy council as a result began to restore land under tillage and start to become more strict on enclousure laws

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Causes - faction, wanted more power than rival

Events - after being slapped by Elizabeth and his influence in court declined he rose against Elizabeth trying to beat his rival Cecil

Conclusion - He overestimated the support he thought he had and no one rose he was crushed easily and failed to win support.

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