Tudor Rebellions and Uprisings

  • Created by: Liv399
  • Created on: 03-03-19 14:10

Lovell and the Staffords

  • 1486
  • First minor uprising
  • Supporters of Richard III try to raise a rebellion in North
  • Lovell manages to escape
  • Stafford captured and executed
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Lambert Simnel

  • 1486-7
  • Put together by John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln
  • Simnel=Yorkist figurehead 
    • Passed off as the Earl of Warwick
  • Simnel corwned rightful King of England in Ireland
  • Henry has the real Earl of Warwick dislayed in London
  • Lincoln flees as joins Lovell at the Court of Margaret of Burgundy
  • Henry gambles and reinstates Northumberland (led Richard III) 
    • Neutralise Yorkist power
  • He also reinforces coastal defence

Battle of Stoke:

  • Two armies met at East Stoke 
  • Lincoln killed in battle
  • Official end to Wars of the Roses
  • Secures Henry's position
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Perkin Warbeck

  • 1491-9
  • Pretends to be a prince in the tower
  • Moves around Europe spending time in:
    • France, Ireland, Burgundy, Scotland, 
  • Failed invasion at Kent as he qucikly retreats
  • Second failed invasion
  • Eventually captured after trying to escape the Tower
    • Tried and Executed with Earl of Warwick
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The Yorkshire Rebellion

  • 1489
  • Resentment of taxation granted by Parliament
  • Rebels murder Northumberland in April
  • Northumberland was a mere victim of resentment against taxation
  • Easily supressed
  • Not many details on this actual rebellion
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The Cornish Rebellion

  • 1497
  • Resentment of taxation for campaign in Scotland
  • Posed a greater threat to Henry than Yorkshire Rebellion
    • 15,000 involved
    • Attempted to exploit Warbeck's rebellion
    • Rebels marched on London- stopped at Blackheath
  • Crown's systems for maintaining order clearly not affective
  • Easily suppressed by Daubeney
    • Leaders executed
    • Lenient to the rest involved
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Resistance to the Amicable Grant

  • 1525
  • Heavy tax without Parliament's approval for war
  • Many refused to pay-- unable to pay
  • Thousands around the country gather in various locations around England
  • Henry VIIIbacks down and withdraws grant
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The Pilgrimage of Grace and Lincolnshire Rising

  • 1536
  • Single largest rebellion in Tudor History
  • North of England affected
  • Rebels are hostile towards gentry
  • 'Captain Poverty'
  • Religious Motives:
    • Dissolution of the Monasteries- loss of charity, education, monastic land, health services
    • 1536 Injunctions attack traditional practice (such as pilgrimages)
  • Secular motives:
    • Resentment of tax, Act of Supremacy (Mary should be heir), enclosure
  • 40,000 involved
  • King sends army under Norfolk 
    • Rebels disperse
  • Pilgrimage didn't slow down pace of religious change
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1549: The Year of Commotions

  • John Guy: "the closest thing Tudor England came to a class war"
  • Somerset's governement already struggling to cope due to
    • Overstreched resources
      • Troops garrisoning Scottish forts
  • Reasons for rebellion and disorder:
    • Religion
    • Agrarian and Social grievances (i.e. enclosure)
    • Resentment of taxation 
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The Western Rebellion

  • 1549
  • Prompted by Cranmer's Book of Common Prayer
  • Rebels want to reverse religious reform 
  • "We will have the mass in Latin, as was before"
  • Grievances over taxation such as the sheep tax
    • supposed to end enclosure by stopping conversion of arable to pasture farming
    • widespread resentment
  • Lasts 2 months
  • Defeated by Lord Russel
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The Ketts Rebellion

  • 1549
  • Specific grievances
    • Hatred of local officials
    • Resentment of abuse by landowners
    • Release of frustration over the Howards
    • Warwick sent to defeat the army
    • Brtually suppressed and Kett was hanged for high treason
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The Wyatts Rebellion

  • January 1554
  • Motives
    • Resistance to the Spanish Marriage
    • Religion 
    • Xenophobia
    • Decline of local cloth industry
    • Either Elizabeth or Jane Grey to throne
  • 3000 men
  • Significance
    • Even though they were a minority, Protestants couldn't be ignored
    • Demonstrates the suspicion of the Spanish Marriage
    • Results in the execution of Lady Jane Grey (her father supported rebellion)
  • Elizabeth arrested and confined to Tower
    • Mary can't be sure she was involved
    • Can't excute her= regicide
  • Elizabeth eventually released
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Rise of the Northern Earls

  • 1569
  • Motives:
    • North felt isolated
    • Angry at Cecil- wanted Norfolk to have more power
    • Replace Elizabeth with Mary, Queen of Scots
  • Nobles raise an army of 4600
    • Capture Durham and hold a mass at the Cathedral and burn Protestant books
    • Elizabeth sends her army to suppress
  • Reasons for failure:
    • Disorganised- lack of clarity as to the rebels objectives
    • Poor leadership- no plan
    • Lack of foreign support- Philip of Spain refuses to help
    • Rest of country stay loyal
    • Authorities' decisive actions
  • Northumberland behaded but Westmoreland escapes
  • 800 hanged
  • Control over North furthered- Council of the North constituted
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Ridolfi Plot

  • 1571
  • Ridolfi and De Spes (Spanish Ambassador) plan
    • Assasination of Elizabeth and replace with Mary
    • Norfolk would then marry Mary
  • Failure:
    • Cecil uses the spy network to uncover plot
    • Suspects tortured for info
    • Gives Cecil a reason to execute Norfolk
    • De Spes expelled from England
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