Tsunami- HIC

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Background of Japan

  • Destructive plate boundary between Pacific and Eurasian plate
  • Experience in Earthquakes and Volcanoes
  • 127.9million population
  • Most desaster prepared country in the world
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Characteristics and Causes

  • 11 March 2011
  • Magnitude 9
  • lasted 6 minutes
  • 300 miles of the Eurasian plate lifted upwards of up to 8m in some places causing a tsunami
  • waves where almost 40m tall, at over 100mph and gin 10km inland
  • aftershocks including 800 at 4.5+ 
  • Rescue efforts where hampered as there was a threat of more tsunami waves and buildings collapsing
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Effects

  • over 15,000 deaths
  • 5,363 injured
  • 8,206 missing
  • over 500,000 homeless 
  • over 150,000 building damaged or destroyed
  • damage to railways and roads making them impassible
  • Dam collapsed thus adding to flooding
  • Homes made of wood left to burn 
  • nuclear explosion leaving 80km+ around the nuclear power plant unsafe for years
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Resposes

  • Early warning systems saved lives
  • yet thoes on low land still didnt have enough time
  • focus on rescuing people and repairing roads and bridges
  • rescue teams couldnt be transported due to a lack of fuel so it took days to reach affected areas
  • emergency shelters where set up providing food, water and medical care
  • 80,000 troops deployed including police and fire service
  • UN sent 13 teams of 600 people from 14 diffferent countries
  • Japanese citizens sent food north
  • temporary accomodation- 30,000 in two months
  • USA provided assistance with the Nuclear power plant 
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