Tsunami Case Study - Geography GCSE

Indian Ocean Tsunami case study 

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  • Created by: Né M
  • Created on: 29-05-12 18:49


Where: Indian Ocean - Affected most of the surrounding countries
When: 26th December 2004

Destructive Plate Margin: 
Indio-Australian Plate subducted below the Eurasian Plate

What happened:

  • There was an earthquake measuring 9 on the Richter scale
  • The seafloor moved up very quickly, causing a lot of water to be displaced 
  • The displaced water triggered a 30m high tsunami 
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13 countries in the Indian Ocean were affected, such as Indonesia, Thailand, India and Sri Lanka


  • 230,000 people were killed
  • Whole towns and villages destroyed
  • 1.7 million were homeless
  • The infrastructure was severely damaged
  • 5-6 million needed emergency supplies
  • Huge economic damage
  • Fisherman lost livelihood
  • Tourists afraid to visit
  • Plants couldn't grow due to salty conditions
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Short Term

  • Foreign countries sent ships, planes, soldiers and teams to help rescue people, distribute food and help clear up
  • Millions of pounds pledged by charities

Long Term

  • Billions of pounds pledged to rebuild infrastructure
  • Programmes set up to rebuild houses
  • A tsunami warning system has been put in place
  • Volunteers have been trained to help locals if it happens again.
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billet muronzi


very brief but i think this is the way to set out your points on question

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