An Earthquake caused a tsunami in the Indian ocean in 2004
- 26th december 2004- an earthquake off the west coast of the island in Sumatra measuring around 9.1 on the richter scale.
- tsunami- plate which was moving down in the mantle cracked and opened very quickly, which caused a lot of water to be displaced, triggering a tsunami with waves up to 30m high.
- The Indo-Australian Plate subducted beneath the Eurasian Plate just off the North-West coast of Indonesia.
- The indian ocean tsunami was one of the most destructive natural disasters that had ever happened, affecting most countries bordering the Indian Ocean, e.g Indonesia,Thailand,India and Sri Lanka were effected
1 of 3
The effects of the tsunami
- 230,000 killed ( many are still missing)
- 650,000 people injured.
- Public buildings including schools and hospitals were wiped out.
- 1,500 settlements completely wiped out.
- Large areas of Eastern coast of India swamped.
- Infrastructure severely damaged.
- disease spread quickly as people live close together in temporary shelters with poor sanitation
- rotting corpses attract disease
- 2,000,000 made homeless.
- 5,000,000 - 6,000,000 people needed emergency food, water and medical supplies.
- Tourism industry suffered heavily because of the destruction and people were afraid to go there-economic effect
- Large amounts of environmental damage occurred because the salt from the sea water meant that plants can't grow in many areas.
2 of 3
Short-term and Long-term response
- hundreds and millions of pounds were pledged by foriegn governments,charities and individuals and businesses to give survivors acess to food, water,shelter and medical attention.
- Foriegn countries- sent ships,planes,soldiers and teams of specialists to help rescue people, distribute food and water and begin clearing up
- Billions of pounds pledged to help re-build infrastructure of countries affected.
- programmes have been set up to rebuild houses and help people to get back to work
- A tsunami warning system has been set up in place in the Indian Ocean.
- Disaster managment plans have been set up in the place of some countries. volunteers have been trained so that local people know what to do when a tsunami occurs.
3 of 3
Similar Geography resources: