Used to be a menshevik
Unpopular with the politburo and 'old bolsheviks'
People disagreed with his political ideas
Failed to use his popularity with the army to help
HIs ideas of world communism didn't appeal to many Russians
Under- estimated Stalin (appeared dull and hard working)
Held the key post in the party
He appointed officials who suported him
Removed known supporters of Trotsky
Commanded the support of officials who owed their jobs to him
presented himseld as Lenin's close follower
Apeared as chief mourner at Lenin's funeral
Used propaganda ( fake photos to prove his closeness with Lenin)
Clever tactics (played parties against each other)
Used other candidates to remove of each other
Gained popularity with communism at home 'socialism in one country'