Tropical Storms Case Study

Introduction

Typhoon Haiyan

  • Place: the Philippines
  • Date: November 2013
  • Size: category 5 on the Saffir-Simpson Scale
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Primary Effects

  • About 6300 people killed – most drowned by the storm surge
  • Over 600 000 people displaced and 40 000 homes damaged orflattened – 90% of Tacloban city destroyed
  • Tacloban airport terminal badly damaged.
  • The typhoon destroyed 30 000 fishing boats
  • Strong winds damaged buildings and power lines and destroyed crops
  • Over 400 mm of rain caused widespread flooding
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Secondary Effects

  • 14 million people affected, many left homeless and 6 million people lost their source of income
  • Flooding caused landslides and blocked roads, cutting off aid to remote communities.
  • Power supplies in some areas cut off for a month
  • Shortages of water, food and shelter affected many people, leading to outbreaks of disease
  • Many jobs lost, hospitals were damaged, shops and schools were destroyed, affecting people’s livelihoods and education.
  • Looting and violence broke out in Tacloban.
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Immediate Responses

  • International government and aid agencies responded quickly with food aid, water and temporary shelters.
  • US aircraft carried George Washington and helicopters assisted with search and rescue and delivery of aid
  • Over 1200 evacuation centres were set up to help the homeless
  • UK governments sent shelter kits, each one able to provide emergency shelter for a family.
  • French, Belgian and Israeli field hospitals set up to help the injured.
  • The Philippines Red Cross delivered basic food aid, which included rice, canned food, sugar, salt and cooking oil.
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Long-Term Responses

  • International government and aid agencies responded quickly with food aid, water and temporary shelters.
  • US aircraft carried George Washington and helicopters assisted with search and rescue and delivery of aid
  • Over 1200 evacuation centres were set up to help the homeless
  • UK governments sent shelter kits, each one able to provide emergency shelter for a family.
  • French, Belgian and Israeli field hospitals set up to help the injured.
  • The Philippines Red Cross delivered basic food aid, which included rice, canned food, sugar, salt and cooking oil.
  • Thousands of homes have been built away from areas at risk from flooding.
  • More cyclone shelters built to accommodate people evacuated from costal areas.
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