treatment, 1750-1900


improvements in treatment (card 1)

people still used herbal remedies, but had less access to plants

more reliant on apothecaries

continued to use folk remedies based on superstitions

pills were made bu hand until, william brockedon invented a machine in 1844, that standardised doage and increased production speed

apothecaries sold patent medicines, advertised as cures for everything

their ingredients didn't work or caused harm

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improvements in treatment (card 2)

money could be made from patent medicine- encouraged the growth of pharmaceutical industry

jesse BOOT turned one small shop in a chain of pharmacies

compaines like wellcome, BOOTS and beecham finaced chemical research to produce and sell their own brands of medicines

by 1900, the government brought in regulations to prevent harmful ingredients

new understand of disease had little impact on prevention or treatment, until the 20th century

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great ormond street, 1856

new hospitals-financed by charities and local councils opened during the 19th century

first cottage hospital opened in 1859

middle and uper classes could afford to be treated at home

elderly, sick or disabled poor were forced to enter workhouses

most hospitals tried to create a home atmosphere

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great ormond street, 1875

due to the work of nightingale, hospital cleanliness and organisation improved

nurses were better trained

pasteur's germ theory led to better hygiene

nurses gave more of a central role caring for patients and assisting doctors

public pressure led to infirmaries being set up for the poorest in society

specialist hospitals were developed

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