medically trained at university and passed exams
diagnosed illnesses and gave treatments OR sent patients to barber surgeons and apothericaries.
Expensive- mainly used by the wealthy
Very few women physicians. Incredibly rare.
no training required
carried out bloodletting, pulling teeth and lancing boils.
did basic surgery, such as amputating limbs- not very successful
cost less than a physician
monks and nuns
ran hospitals through the church donations
cared for the poor and elderly.
some hospials ran for specific diseases, like leprosy.
village 'wise woman' or lady of the manor
treated local people
dealt with childbirth, common injuries/illnesses
mixed herbs and plant remedies
used charms and spells.
cheapest and most accessible
recieved training but no medical qualification
mixed medicines and ointments based on own knowledge or directions from physicians.
costs money, but less than physicians
medicines and ointments were made from plants, herbs, spices and minerals.
only some worked
people would pray and go on pilgrimages hoping that God would cure them
lucky charms or other superstitous cures were used
physicians tried to restore someone's humours through bleeding, purging or the theory of opposities.
what physicians did
physicians would observe patients symptoms
check their pulse rate, skin colour and urine.
consulted urine charts in their vademecum
consulted zodiac charts to help diagnose illnesses and to work out the best time to bleed them- if bloodletting was necessary.
would either treat patients or sent them to barber surgeon or apothecaries