Give an example of a country that has had rapid to
- It has a wide variety of landscapes including the three most popular with tourists; cities, coasts and mountains.
- Venice is an example of a popular city destination. It is well known for its canals and Renaissance architecture
- Florence is another, well known for its art galleries.
- There are many tourist activities available in the Alps, in the north of Italy.
- There are many coastal towns, e.g. Vernazza, popular because of their seas, beaches, and climate
- The increase in tourism means the country has to adapt what the market demands and the industry makes an important contribution to the economy
Give an example of a country where tourism is impo
Dubai, located on the Arabian Coast
- It is growing in tourism and is easily accessible (120 airlines fly there) from Europe, Asia, and Africa.
- Dubai is fast becoming one of the world's top tourist destinations.
Why do tourists visit this country?
- Sightseeing - the markets, zoo, show-building yards
- Famous for its duty-free shopping malls and huge department stores, and its markets.
- Emrites Airlines is based in Dubai and many long trips stop over there.
- Watersports and diving are growing in popularity
- Excursions out from the city allow visitors to see the deserts and its wildlife
- Birdwatching trips take visitors to the wetland mudflat areas, where there are 400 species.
Give an example of a National Park in the UK:
Lake District, Cumbria
- 15 million visitors a year
- 64 km from North to South, 53 km from East to West
- It became a National Park in 1951
What attractions are there?
- Scenery - the large lakes (e.g. Lake Windermere) and mountains (e.g. Scaffell Pike)
- Activities - Walking, birdwatching, pony trekking, sailing, rock climbing and fishing
- History and culture - e.g. the Wordsworth museum and Beatrix Potter's house
What problems does tourism cause and what solution
Problem - Traffic congestion and parking (89% of visitors come by car)
Solution - Public transport improvements
Campaigns such as discounts on activities when a train/bus ticket is presented.
Roads and access improvements
Problem - Foot path erosion
Solution - Repairing and reinforcing footpaths and making sure paths are clearly signposted.
Problem - Litter and fuel spills on lakes
Solution - Visitors encouraged to take litter home and bins provided at key routes
Lakes have speed limits and not all lakes permit water sports
Give an example of mass tourism:
- 700,000 visitors each year
- Attracted to culture, wildlife, warm climate and beautiful scenery
What are the advantages and disadvantages of mass
- Tourism contributes 15% of the country's GNP
- In 2003, around 219,000 people worked in the tourist industry
- Cultures are often preserved as they are important to tourists
- There are 23 National Parks e.g. Nairobi National Park. An entry fee paid by tourists is used to conserve the parks
- Only 15% of money earned through tourism goes to locals
- Sometimes tribes people are forced off land for tourist development.
- Safari vehicles have destroyed vegetation and caused erosion
- Wild animals can be affected
- Coral reefs can be damaged by tourist boats anchoring
How can the negative impacts be reduced and the to
Reducing Negative Impacts:
- Walking or horseback tours are being promoted over vehicle safaris.
- Alternative, less damaging activities, such as water sports and rock climbing are encouraged.
- The Tourist board and Ministry of Tourism launch advertising campaigns in other countries.
- Improved accessibility such as building new airstrips and roads
- Visa fees cut by 50% in 2009 and under 16 fees scrapped to make travelling there cheaper.
Give an example of an extreme environment destinat
- The number of tourists visiting each year is rising with 46,000 visiting in the 2007/2008 season
- They are attracted by the stunning scenery and wildlife.
What are the impacts of tourism here and how are i
- Tourists can trample plants, disturb wildlife and drop litter
- There are fears the tourists could accidently introduce a non-native specie or disease which could wipe out existing species.
- Spillage of fuel from ships is also a problem which can kill wildlife.
- The Antarctic Treaty is an international agreement that came into force in 1961.
- It limits tourism, saying only ships with fewer than 500 passengers can land and only a max of 100 tourists are allowed on shore at a time.
- There is also a code of conduct for tourists to follow.
Give an example of eco-tourism:
Tataquara Lodge, Xingu River, Para, Brazil
- It is owned and operated by a cooperative of six local tribes of indigenous people
- The lodge has 15 rooms and offers activities such as fishing, canoeing, wildlife viewing and forest walks.
- The surrounding rainforest is home to a rich variety of wildlife.
What are the benefits of this eco-tourism?
- The lodge was built with local material found on the forest floor so no trees were cut down and it blends in with natural environment
- It uses solar power as its source of electricity
- The food served is produced locally
- The lodge is owned by local tribes so money earned goes to local economy
- It creates jobs for local people
- People in nearby villages are encouraged to visit to sell crafts and perform traditional songs and dances.
- Profits earned aid local community