Tourism Case Studies

GCSE AQA Geography Spec A - Tourism - Case Study

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Give an example of a country that has had rapid to

Italy

  • It has a wide variety of landscapes including the three most popular with tourists; cities, coasts and mountains.
  • Venice is an example of a popular city destination. It is well known for its canals and Renaissance architecture
  • Florence is another, well known for its art galleries.
  • There are many tourist activities available in the Alps, in the north of Italy.
  • There are many coastal towns, e.g. Vernazza, popular because of their seas, beaches, and climate
  • The increase in tourism means the country has to adapt what the market demands and the industry makes an important contribution to the economy 
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Give an example of a country where tourism is impo

Dubai, located on the Arabian Coast

  • It is growing in tourism and is easily accessible (120 airlines fly there) from Europe, Asia, and Africa.
  • Dubai is fast becoming one of the world's top tourist destinations.
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Why do tourists visit this country?

  • Sightseeing - the markets, zoo, show-building yards
  • Famous for its duty-free shopping malls and huge department stores, and its markets.
  • Emrites Airlines is based in Dubai and many long trips stop over there.
  • Watersports and diving are growing in popularity
  • Excursions out from the city allow visitors to see the deserts and its wildlife
  • Birdwatching trips take visitors to the wetland mudflat areas, where there are 400 species.
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Give an example of a National Park in the UK:

Lake District, Cumbria

  • 15 million visitors a year
  • 64 km from North to South, 53 km from East to West
  • It became a National Park in 1951
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What attractions are there?

  • Scenery - the large lakes (e.g. Lake Windermere) and mountains (e.g. Scaffell Pike)
  • Activities - Walking, birdwatching, pony trekking, sailing, rock climbing and fishing
  • History and culture - e.g. the Wordsworth museum and Beatrix Potter's house
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What problems does tourism cause and what solution

Problem - Traffic congestion and parking (89% of visitors come by car)

Solution - Public transport improvements

Campaigns such as discounts on activities when a train/bus ticket is presented.

Roads and access improvements

Problem - Foot path erosion

Solution - Repairing and reinforcing footpaths and making sure paths are clearly   signposted.

Problem - Litter and fuel spills on lakes

Solution - Visitors encouraged to take litter home and bins provided at key routes

Lakes have speed limits and not all lakes permit water sports

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Give an example of mass tourism:

Kenya, Africa

  • 700,000 visitors each year
  • Attracted to culture, wildlife, warm climate and beautiful scenery
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What are the advantages and disadvantages of mass

ADVANTAGES:

  • Tourism contributes 15% of the country's GNP
  • In 2003, around 219,000 people worked in the tourist industry 
  • Cultures are often preserved as they are important to tourists
  • There are 23 National Parks e.g. Nairobi National Park. An entry fee paid by tourists is used to conserve the parks

DISADVANTAGES:

  • Only 15% of money earned through tourism goes to locals
  • Sometimes tribes people are forced off land for tourist development.
  • Safari vehicles have destroyed vegetation and caused erosion
  • Wild animals can be affected
  • Coral reefs can be damaged by tourist boats anchoring  
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How can the negative impacts be reduced and the to

Reducing Negative Impacts:

  • Walking or horseback tours are being promoted over vehicle safaris.
  • Alternative, less damaging activities, such as water sports and rock climbing are encouraged.

Maintaining Tourism:

  • The Tourist board and Ministry of Tourism launch advertising campaigns in other countries.
  • Improved accessibility such as building new airstrips and roads
  • Visa fees cut by 50% in 2009 and under 16 fees scrapped to make travelling there cheaper.
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Give an example of an extreme environment destinat

Antarctica

  • The number of tourists visiting each year is rising with 46,000 visiting in the 2007/2008 season
  • They are attracted by the stunning scenery and wildlife.


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What are the impacts of tourism here and how are i

IMPACTS:

  • Tourists can trample plants, disturb wildlife and drop litter
  • There are fears the tourists could accidently introduce a non-native specie or disease which could wipe out existing species.
  • Spillage of fuel from ships is also a problem which can kill wildlife.

REDUCING IMPACTS:

  • The Antarctic Treaty  is an international agreement that came into force in 1961.
  • It limits tourism, saying only ships with fewer than 500 passengers can land and only a max of 100 tourists are allowed on shore at a time.
  • There is also a code of conduct for tourists to follow.
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Give an example of eco-tourism:

Tataquara Lodge, Xingu River, Para, Brazil

  • It is owned and operated by a cooperative of six local tribes of indigenous people
  • The lodge has 15 rooms and offers activities such as fishing, canoeing, wildlife viewing and forest walks.
  • The surrounding rainforest is home to a rich variety of wildlife.
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What are the benefits of this eco-tourism?

  • The lodge was built with local material found on the forest floor so no trees were cut down and it blends in with natural environment
  • It uses solar power as its source of electricity
  • The food served is produced locally
  • The lodge is owned by local tribes so money earned goes to local economy 
  • It creates jobs for local people
  • People in nearby villages are encouraged to visit to sell crafts and perform traditional songs and dances.
  • Profits earned aid local community
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Comments

Hanna

this is brilliant! thank you!

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