Types of holidays
- for challenges, exploring, skills development
- for younger people or active over 50s
- examples include Exodus and Activities Abroad
- everything arranged by a tour company
- includes price of transportation and accomodation
- eg. First Choice or Thoman Cook
- low cost, independant travel
- usually camping
- now more sophisticated, with budget hotels
Why The Tourist Industry Has Grown - Social
Increase in leisure time: more holiday entitlement, shorter working weeks, early retirment/pensions, ageing population
April 2009 - 28 paid holiday days a year
1981 - 15 paid holiday days a year
People have flexitime (flexible working hours)
Communications - development of reservation systems and advertising. Most people book online
Consumer needs - Butlins in the 50s was for British holidaymakers. Theme parks such as Disney. Package holidays cater for needs and weddings
Why The Tourist Industry Has Grown - Political
Changes in policies that countries have towards tourism.
Some Communist countries didn't welcome tourists from other parts of the world.
Visas are still required for places such as Cuba and China.
North Korea don't welcome tourists due to national security.
Relaxation of boundaries mean people can move around freely
Why The Tourist Industry Has Grown - Economic
Greater wealth: more disposable income, fewer children, two-income families, minimum wage is higher.
Incomes have increase, with an average wage of £23,000 in 2008
Transport: motorways let you reach a destination more quickly, saving money. The cost per person on a plane is now less, and so are cruise ships. Budget airlines are cheaper, more short breaks for culture or stag/hen nights.
Exchange Rates: fluctuations in currency make holidays more attractive. In 2007 the US had a 20% increase of UK tourists because the exchange rate was $2 to the £1