explores what tolerance is, it's characteristics and its difficulties.

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tolerance and the state

the state posits laws which make certain acts criminal and so not tolerated.

NO TOLERANCE (no crime / deviance) -stability - stagnation- decline.

extremist political groups.

COMPLETE TOLERANCE - (too much crime) -instability - collapse.

need to limit diversity.

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wendy brown interview notes

'toleration' -refers to reformation, religious wars in Tudors 16/17 century.

'tolerance' -broader, more commonly used today.

  • tolerance. born in a time, in the west, to think of it positively.
  • tolerance often considered prime virtue of a liberal society but...
  • ' i'm not against tolerance, i want to submit it to scrutiny'
  • host (of tolerance) seen as normal, regular, the toleratedseen as 'problematic'.
  • tolerance always used to manage something disliked, different.
  • just to co-exist, mundane, trivial things that can't be change must be tolerated.
  • Brown questions using tolerance as substitute for equality, freedom. 'cloaks' inequality, injustice, lack of freedom.
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what is tolerance?

1 -the agent holds a negative judgement about the thing

2 -the agent has the power to negate the thing

3 -the agent deliberately refrains from negating the thing

what isn't tolerance?

  • indulgence -e.g. if parent never challenges child's behavior because of their fondness
  • weakness of the will -putting up to placate/appease the other
  • indifference
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Forst's 3 components of tolerance

  • OBJECTION -must have some negative evaluation
  • ACCEPTANCE -'certain positive reasons that trump the negative ones in the relevant context' -Forst.
  • REJECTION - toleration of everything might just be indulgence, if we tolerated everything there'd be no distinction what is/isn't tolerable.

e.g. rejection comes into killing, murder -intolerable, euthanasia -tolerable.

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4 conceptions of tolerance

behaving tolerantly is essentially contested. obj. rejection, acceptance constitute core. essentially contested concepts must have common core.

a concept is essentially contested if: -evaluative -signifies value. -complex, diff. interpretations. -those disputing recognise why its disputable.

1) PERMISSION conception. -relation (power +subordination, dominant permits) between majority &minority. limit to private sphere, can't claim equal rights.

2) COEXISTENCE peaceful, groups same size, equal power

3) RESPECT all recognise set of values/principles apply universally. e.g. everyone morally equal +has same rights. can divide public +private sphere or in some cases person respected as political equal with specific needs.

4) ESTEEM value +admire aspects of diff. culture/lifestyle

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