tolerance and the state
the state posits laws which make certain acts criminal and so not tolerated.
NO TOLERANCE (no crime / deviance) -stability - stagnation- decline.
extremist political groups.
COMPLETE TOLERANCE - (too much crime) -instability - collapse.
need to limit diversity.
wendy brown interview notes
'toleration' -refers to reformation, religious wars in Tudors 16/17 century.
'tolerance' -broader, more commonly used today.
- tolerance. born in a time, in the west, to think of it positively.
- tolerance often considered prime virtue of a liberal society but...
- ' i'm not against tolerance, i want to submit it to scrutiny'
- host (of tolerance) seen as normal, regular, the toleratedseen as 'problematic'.
- tolerance always used to manage something disliked, different.
- just to co-exist, mundane, trivial things that can't be change must be tolerated.
- Brown questions using tolerance as substitute for equality, freedom. 'cloaks' inequality, injustice, lack of freedom.
what is tolerance?
1 -the agent holds a negative judgement about the thing
2 -the agent has the power to negate the thing
3 -the agent deliberately refrains from negating the thing
what isn't tolerance?
- indulgence -e.g. if parent never challenges child's behavior because of their fondness
- weakness of the will -putting up to placate/appease the other
Forst's 3 components of tolerance
- OBJECTION -must have some negative evaluation
- ACCEPTANCE -'certain positive reasons that trump the negative ones in the relevant context' -Forst.
- REJECTION - toleration of everything might just be indulgence, if we tolerated everything there'd be no distinction what is/isn't tolerable.
e.g. rejection comes into killing, murder -intolerable, euthanasia -tolerable.
4 conceptions of tolerance
behaving tolerantly is essentially contested. obj. rejection, acceptance constitute core. essentially contested concepts must have common core.
a concept is essentially contested if: -evaluative -signifies value. -complex, diff. interpretations. -those disputing recognise why its disputable.
1) PERMISSION conception. -relation (power +subordination, dominant permits) between majority &minority. limit to private sphere, can't claim equal rights.
2) COEXISTENCE peaceful, groups same size, equal power
3) RESPECT all recognise set of values/principles apply universally. e.g. everyone morally equal +has same rights. can divide public +private sphere or in some cases person respected as political equal with specific needs.
4) ESTEEM value +admire aspects of diff. culture/lifestyle