These cards are for Religious Studies for WJEC on Peace and Conflict

These cards are for Religious Studies for WJEC on Peace and Conflict

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  • Created by: Reema
  • Created on: 22-11-11 16:44

The Just War Theory

The Just War Theory is a largely Christian philosophy that means war must follow these eight points to be just:

Jus ad bellum- Justice before the war

  • approved by a legitimate government
  • just cause
  • war is a last resort
  • benefits of war must exceed evils
  • good probablility of sucess

Jus ad bello- Justice during the war

  • minimum and proportional use of weaponry
  • killing of civilians is banned (non combatant immunity)
  • normal relations resume swiftly

The just theory does not work for several reasons:

*old so invalid * unrealistic to achieve all eight * conscientious objectors * bible passages * development of weaponry

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Definitions

Pacifism- believing all war is unjustified and should be avoided 

Refugee- a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution or natural disaster

Conscientious objector- are person who refuses to serve in the armed forces because he or she believes it is morally wrong

WMDS- weapons of mass destruction. 1. Nuclear. 2. Chemical. 3. Biological


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Quakerism

It was founded by George Fox at around the time of the English Civil War between Oliver Cromwell and George I.  

"Tremble at the word of the lord"- tremble= quake

It is a Christian denomination based on four principles:

  • Peace
  • Truth
  • Equality
  • Simplicity

Quakerism was founded on pacifist principles based on the belief that part of God is in each individual

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Gandhi

Mohandas 'Muhatma' Gandhi was a Barrister and Statesman educated in the UK

He was a pacifist

"An eye for an eye, and the world will soon be blind" Gandhi

This quote describes revenge and how it is dangerous- but is meaningless

Peace is when you are at peace with people and other kinds of nature. There is no strain, stress, and struggle in life

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Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King was born on the 15th January, 1929

He was a pacifist and wanted equality for all

he had two very famous speeches, 'I have a dream' and 'I've been to the mountaintop', just one day before his asassiniation in Memphis, Tennessee

He took his actions peacefully. These actions included:

  • sit ins
  • prayer protests
  • setting up 'freedom' schools
  • encouraging black people to vote 
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DREARE

DISAGREE

REASON

EXPLAIN

AGREE

REASON

EXPLAIN

This is the way to answer 6 mark agree/disagree questions

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