Theraputic Approaches tot he Treatment of Schizophrenia

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  • Created on: 16-06-13 18:42

Biological (Somatic)

  • sees mental disorders as a result of biochemical imbalances 
  • anti-psychotic drugs are used such as penothizine that effect the dopamine receptors (links to dopamine hypothesis)
  • Prior to drug treatment, Schizophrenia was seen to have no cure 
  • Drugs are seen to allow around 60% of schizophrenia sufferers to live a normal life
  • However, there are side effects to taking such drugs, raising ethical issues
  • There is also the idea of the revolving door syndrome if drugs are stopped too early
  • Drugs do also not offer a long term cure for schizophrenia 
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Family Intervention

  • research on expressed emotion (EE) suggests certain aspects of family life can affect the course of schizophrenia 
  • Laing's studies on the family supports this 
  • Family intervention focuses on making the family aware of schizophrenia and develops trust and communication as well as teaching them coping methods
  • Supported by cross cultural research that cite it's effectiveness
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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

  • Focuses on cognitive strategies such as distraction and positive self though as well as behavioural strategies such as immitation and withdrawal of interaction 
  • Theraputic approach called Coping Strategy Enhancement (CSE) that aims to reduce the frequency and severity of schizophrenic episodes 
  • Tarrier - schixophrenia patients can often create their own methods for coping, coping methods are reported to be quite successful for dealing with schizophrenia 
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