Theories of the Family
The organic analogy- Functionalists see society as being like a biological organism
-The body is made up of different parts that function to meet its needs and maintain it.
- Society is made up of different but interdepedent parts or sub-systems, such as institutions: education, the economy, religion and the state.
- The function of any part is to maintain the social system as a whole.
Murdock- four functions of the family
Stable satisfaction and the sex drive- with the same marital partner because it prevents social disruption
Reproduction and the next generation-which without society would cease to exist
Socialisation of the young- norms and values enable new members to intergrate into society.
Satisfaction of members' economic needs- providing food and shelter in pre-industrail societies but in modern socieities it is a unit of consumption