Imitation and reinforcement
This approach argues that children learn and acquire language by imitating the speech of others.
When a child produces words successfully, it recieves approval and encouragement, therefore motivating the child to repeat the behaviour. If we do something and it has positive, pleasurable consequences, we are more likely to do it again.
Skinner highlighted the need for stimulus-response in language learning.
Social cognition learning
Culture is the pime determinant of an individuals development. A childs learning development is affected by its culture, and family environment.
Vygotski strongly believed that the way children are brought up determines not just what they think, but also how they think.
Egocentric speech: as a way of making sense of the environment and leading onto thinking.