- Created by: Chessie
- Created on: 10-05-19 12:19
Gary Ives (2014)
- Surveyed a group of 17 year olds from the same secondary school in Bradford (West Yorkshire) about words that they used as a teenager.
- Most of these words were connected to childhood games (e.g. - 'kissy-chase') but they couldn't recall specific words or pinpoint examples.
- They could easily give examples to how they spoke as a teenager: they used taboo language, dialectical features and slang (e.g.- 'bruv', 'bare' and 'hype')
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Anna-Brita Senström (2002)
Found out that teenagers used:
- Irregular turn-taking
- Indistinct articulation
- Word shortenings
- Verbal duelling
- Taboo language
- Language mixing
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Penelope Eckert (1997)
- Discovered that slang is used to 'establish connections to youth culture and seperate themselves from older generations'.
- She stated that teenage language use is specific to their peer group.
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Ignacio Palacias Martinez (2011)
- Teenagers use negation more frequently than adults.
- A third of these negations were due to orders, suggestions and refusals.
- Teenagers are more direct with their speech whereas adults are more conscious of how they speak.
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Unni Berland (1997)
- Focused on the use of informal tag questions (e.g. - 'innit', 'yeah' and 'right')
- Social class was a big factor in determining the usage of tags.
- 'Okay' was used more by boys however 'innit', 'yeah' and 'right' were used equally by both genders.
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