Second examination of Theology. Unit I. The KEY WORDS only.

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Monotheism Belief in one God

Trinity the belief that God is three in one

Unity God's way of being one


Christ the Messiah or annointed one

Crucifixion a Roman death penalty suffered by Jesus when he was nailed on the cross

Incarnation the belief that God took human form in Jesus

Virgin Birth the belief that Jesus was not conceived through sex

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Dove when used as a symbol of the Holy Spirit, it implies peace

Fire when used as a symbol of the Holy Spirit, it implies purifying power

Wind when used as a symbol of the Holy Spirit, it implies power


Faith the belief in something without having total proof

Forgiveness to stop blaming someone and/or pardon them for what they have done wrong

Reconciliation bringing togtether people who were opposed to eachother

Repentance the act of being sorry for wrongdoing and deciding not to do it again

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Apolistic the belief that the Church can only be understood in the light of the Apostles

Catholic Universal or worldwide

Holy of, or relating to, God. Sacred.


Body of Christ the belief tht the Church is Christ's body in the world continuing his work

Communion of Saints all Catholics, both alive and dead, are joined together (and can pray for one another)

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Bishops priests who have a special vocation and are chose by the Pope. They are responsible for all the churches in a diocese

Deacons those called to assist Bishops, especially in caring for the needy

Magisterium the pope and the Bishops interpreting the bible and tradition for Catholics today.

Papacy the office of the Pope.

Priests specially called chosen people who are ordained to be ministers of sacraments

Laity those who share the mission of the Church without being ordained

Ordination making someone a priest, bishop or deacon by the sacrament of Holy Orders


Celibacy living without engaging in any sexual activity

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Bible Holy book of Christians with 66 books split into the Old and New testaments


Apolistic Succession the belief that the bishops and the Pope continue the mission Jesus gave to Peter and the Apostles

Dogmas the beliefs of the Catholic Church


Chrism the oil used in baptism, confirmation and ordination

Vows Solemn promises made to god

Water used in Baptism as a sign of purification

Renewal of Baptismal Vows confirming and deepening the solemn promises made at Baptism

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Liturgy of the Eucharist Last supper reinacted and the bread and wine, symbolising the body and blood and Jesus, is distributed

Liturgy of the Word Bible readings in the second part of the Mass

Penitential Rite the confession and absolution at the beggingin of Mass


Real Presence the belief that Jesus is present in the bread and wine of the Eucharist

Rite of Communion receiving the body and blood of Jesus

Sacrifice a surrender of something valuable for the sake of others

Tabernacle a safe place in which is kept the blessed sacrament

Transsubstantiation the belief that the bread and wine become the body and blood of Jesus

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Absolution through the action of the priest, God grants pardon and peace

Contrition sorrow for the sin committed and deciding not to sin again

Penance an action showing contrition


Viaticum food for the journey

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Christmas festival celebrating the birth of Christ

Advent preparation for the coming of Christ for the four weeks before Christmas

Lent forty days set aside for prayer and fasting in preparation for the celebration of Easter

Holy Week the week beggining with Palm Sunday, remembering the last week of Jesus' life

Easter festival celebrating the ressurection of Jesus


Ten Commandments the ten rules for living given by God to Moses

The Sermon on the Mount Jeus' description of Christian living found in Matthew's Gospel

Displaying religion Making a show of your religion eg praying in the street

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Judgement the act of judging people and their actions

Golden Rule the teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you

Service to others showing Christian values by helping other people

Compassion sharing the distress and sufferings of others

Concern to show compassion by becoming involved in other people's distress

Oppressed those who are made to suffer by others (especially by governments and the rich and powerful leaders)

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