Theme 4: Impact of patronage and reformation on culture

  • Created by: f_grant
  • Created on: 19-05-19 15:45

How important was patronage to cultural changes?

  • Artists dependent on support of noble or royal patron. Tudor monarchs patronised portrait painters provided they glorified the monarch and regime.
  • Artists came from the continent - new techniques arrived very slowly
  • Noble patronage:
    • Artists sought favour from emergin wealthy elites - Earl of Leicester had 220 pictures. 
    • Monarchs and nobles had own troupe of actors. Patron provided protection from arrest and used patronage as a display of wealth and status.
    • Elizabeth didn't spend much on patronage but her courtiers did.
    • Writers would put together a panegyric to praise a patron. Leicester a patron of many writers, actors and theatre troupes. Gathered meeting of poets at Leicester house in London
    • After 1572 companies needed better protection from arrest for vagrancy - Leicester able to secure this for Burbage's company from the queen
    • After 1574 theatre companies had noble patrons and were named after them - The Lord Chamberlain's Men. The Queen also had a company called Queen Elizabeth's men adn was a patron of Shakespeare.
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What impact did the reformation have on culture?

  • Significant impact on religious visual culture. Iconoclasm in Edward's reign ended tradition of decorated churches and shrines.
    • Saints whitewashed and statues destroyed. Rood screens burned.
  • Mary's government tried to restore some Catholic heritage with influence from Spain. 
  • Under Elizabeth, the renaissance and humanism saw replacemet of religious images with the written word of God.
    • Popular culture saw printed cheap ballads and songs with woodcuts rather than painted spiritual images
  • The Reformation inspired writers to justify the Royal Supremacy - Holbein's Solomon and the Queen of Sheba and the 1539 Great Bible in English. 
  • Portraits of Elizabeth incorporated relgious symbolism as Elizabeth became the Virgin Queen in place of the Virgin Mary
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