The Treaty of Versailles, June 1919.

what was the treaty of versailles?

what did it do?

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The Treaty of Versailles

on 28 June 1919 the treaty of versailles was signed by victorious contries.

It dealt only with Germanu but contained over 400 clauses and ran over 200 pages/

Two representatives of the German government were present.

The Germans were allowed no say, they were invited to sign the papers. They had no choice.

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Territorial changes

Alsace and Lorraine was returned to France.

Eupen and Malmédy went to Belgium.

North Schleswig went to Denmark.

Germany lost land to the recreated Poland, including West Prussia, Posen and part of Upper Silesia.

Mmel was taken over by the League of Nations.

Germany lost all the land it had taken from Russia.

Germany was forbidden to unite with Austria.

Germany lost all its colonies.

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Military restrictions

The treaty of versailles restricted Germany's armed forces to a level far lower that what they had been before the war.

The army was limited to 100,000 men.

Conscription was banned: all soldiers had to be volunteers.

Germany was not allowed tanks, submarines or military aircraft.

The navy was limited to six battleships

The Rhineland became a demilitarised zone. This meant that no German troops were allowed into this area near the French border. The Allies were to keep an army of occupation on the West bank for 15 years.

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War guilt

The War Guilt Clause (Clause 231) forced Germany to accept responsibility for the war

This provided the reason for punishing the German people in the peace settlement

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Reparations

The Allied powers agreed that Germany had to pay for the damage caused by the war. These payments were called reparations.

The sum was not fixed in the treaty of versailles but was later set at £6600 million.

Germany was supposed to pay a certain amount each year for 42 years.(in fact the amounts were modified in the 1920s and in 1930 they stopped paying altogether).

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