The Treaty of Versailles - Causes of Anger in Germany

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Way Treaty Enforced

NO NEGOTIATION

- GERMANS HAD EXPECTED TO BE ABLE TO NEGOTIATE TERMS OF TREATY

- ONLY GIVEN THREE WEEKS TO PROTEST - ONLY MILD DETAILS CHANGED

DIKTAT 

- GERMAN FOR 'DICTATED PEACE'

- FORCED TO SIGN IT AND KEEP TO TERMS - NO CHOICE IN WHAT HAPPENED TO COUNTRY

- COULDN'T RISK ANOTHER WAR - COUNTRY NOT STRONG ENOUGH - HAD TO AGREE

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Loss of Land

AMOUNTS

- LOST 72,500KM OF LAND

- LOST BETWEEN 6 AND 7 MILLION PEOPLE

- OVER 10% OF LAND AND PEOPLE

POLISH CORRIDOR

- GAVE POLAND ACCESS TO SEA AND SEPERATED GERMANY ITS PROVANCE OF EAST PRUSSIA

- DISTRIBUTION OF COLONIES NOT SEEN AS FAIR

GERMAN SPEAKERS

- 1.5 MILLION PLACED UNDER CONTROL OF POLAND

- AGAINST PRINCIPLE OF SELF-DETERMINATION - ONE OF WILSONS 14 POINTS

- GERMANY THOUGHT TREATY WOULD BE MORE BASED ON 14 POINTS - 14 POINTS CONSIDERED MORE FAIR

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Military Restrictions

PRIDE

- GERMANY ALWAYS TAKEN PRIDE IN ARMED FORCES - NOW STRIPPED OF PRIDE - SMALL ARMY

AGAINST FOURTEEN POINTS

- FOURTEEN POINT MENTIONED DISARMAMENT FOR ALL

- BY 1919 ONLY GERMANY HAD DISARMED

DEFENCE

- 100,000 MEN NOT ENOUGH FOR GERMANY TO DEFEND THEMSELVES

- NOT ENOUGH TO KEEP ORDER INSIDE GERMANY

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War Guilt

LOSS OF PRIDE

- BLAMED FOR STARTING WAR - HUMILIATION

TAKING BLAME FOR ACTIONS OF KAISER

- BEING BLAMED FOR WHAT KAISER DID

- NO LONGER IN POWER - NEW DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT SET UP

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Reperations

TOO MUCH

- AMOUNT SET WAS TOO MUCH FOR GERMANY TO PAY

- WAR HAD BEEN COSTLY 

- LOST INDUSTRIAL LAND IN TREATY - LESS INCOME

GERMAN ECONOMY

- PAYMENTS WOULD RUIN GERMAN ECONOMY

- RECOVERY FROM WAR SLOWER

- BITTERNESS OF WAR DRAGGED OUT LONGER

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