The Treaty of Versailles
- Signed by the allies (Britain, France, USA) in 1919
- Treaty blamed Germany for starting the war
- Germany had to pay for reparations
- Demilitarised zone was set up 50km from the river Rhine
- Army was restricted to 100,000 men
- Army couldn't have tanks
- Navy couldn't ahve submarines
- Air force was scrapped
- Colonies were taken away from Germany
- Germany hadn't been involved in the discussion
- They felt betrayed by their government for agreeing to it
- They thought the agreement was harsh and unfair
1 of 4
Un-doing of the Treaty of Versailles
Hitler's three aims:
- Tear up the Treaty of Versailles- which brought end to war (1918) and blamed Germany for the start of it, thus allies took away land, money, and material for war
- Unite all Germans in a single country- millions of Germans living in neighbouring countries (Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland); Hitler wanted to bring these countries under his control.
- Provide Germany with LEBENSRAWN (living space)- Germany was overcrowded, there was not enough food/materials for needs. Hitler wanted to take over rich farmland and mines.
- 1934- top secret order from Hitler- to expand the armed forces from 100,000 to 30,000 (treble)
- The Navy was to build two 'pocket battleships' and six submarines
- Air force was to be trained; HOWEVER, all of the above were forebidden.
- Hitler announced the army would be built up to 550,000 men. Surrounding countries reacted to this, and signed agreements to fight and protect eachother.
- However, no country took action to stop Hitler's un-doing of the Treaty of Versailles.
2 of 4
Trade Unions and Nazi Germany
- When Hitler came to power- he saw that Trade Unions were exercising more power over workers than he could; there this challenged Hitler- he wanted to dispose of them.
- However, he knew he needed workers on his side but couldn't allow trade unions to exert potential power they had.
- Trade unions were banned in Nazi Germany; police units occupied all trade union headquaters, thus union officials and leaders were arrested- and the state took over the role of looking after the working class.
- This happened just months after Hitler was appointed Chancellor (2 May 1933).
- To keep the working class happy- German Labour Force was introduced.
- It was the 14 July 1933 that all other political parties were banned, thus only the Nazi Party was allowed to exist.
3 of 4
German Labour Force
- Replacement of Trade Union to keep the working class happy.
- Lead by Robert Lay
- New organised was deliberately cloaked in patriotism
- Nazi Party made the working class feel better off
- Hitler had major plans for the working class-brought them onto his side
- Offered cheap theatre trips, etc
- Hitler offered better leisure life
- On the other hand, Hitler took away traditional rights, e.g. strikes were banned
- Conditions of work and pay controlled by the German Labour Force.
4 of 4
Similar History resources: