- Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France
- West Posen, Upper Silesia and Posen were given to Poland
- Eupen Halmedy was lost to Belgium
- Danzig was taken over by the League of Nations as a free city
- Hemel was taken over by the League and eventually given to Lithuania in 1923
- The Saarland was taken over by the League of Nations for 15 years
- Germany lost all of its overseas colonies. They were run by the victorious powers on behalf of the League of Nations.
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- Germany were not allowed military aircrafts or submarines
- Their navy was reduced to six battleships and 15,000 sailors
- Their army was reduced to 100,000
- The Rhineland area was demilitarised - This meant that there were no German armed forces allowed in the area. Allied troops occupied the area for 15 years.
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Reparations (financial terms):
- The War Guilt Clause meant that the victorious powers could demand compensation from Germany for damage caused by the war
- This was known as reparations
- In 1921 the Reparations Commission fixed the sum at £6,600 million, which had to be paid in annual instalments.
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- Article 231 of the treaty said that Germany was to blame for causing the war
- This was the term that the Germans most resented
- The Germans believed that other countries had caused the war and that Germany had gone only in self-defence
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